Silicon oil and PTFE tape were used for lubrication during the testing allowing for affine deformation
throughout the experiment, which is explained in more detail in previous work by our group ,
An affine deformation
assumes that the crosslinks are fixed in space at positions defined by the overall specimen ratio.
Under affine deformation
, the deformation of connecting microchannels is in proportion to the bulk material.
Upon application of a stress, low levels of deformation can occur simultaneously throughout the length of the sample, resulting in affine deformation
Samules quantitatively calculated the spherulite deformation of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) using small angle light scattering (SALS), they stated the deformation of iPP in hot drawing is the affine deformation
The continuum approach generally assumes affine deformation
and thus, is incapable of describing the dispersion mechanism.
Here the true stress is defined by the instantaneous force divided by the crossectional area calculated assuming affine deformation
approximation based on gauge separation.
The starting point for understanding the deformation behavior of rubber is the kinetic theory of rubber elasticity, assuming affine deformation
and random walk, phantom chain (Gaussian) statistics.
43) presented equations describing the affine deformation
of a single droplet in simple shear flow and elongational flow.
This type of deformation has been called pseudoaffine, to distinguish from the affine deformation
scheme of rubber elasticity.
To overcome this problem, we have recalculated the interfacial area evolution by making the assumption of no deformation/stretching during foldings and affine deformation
Elemans (11) has shown that affine deformation
in simple shear flow of Newtonian droplets in a Newtonian matrix occurs at Ca [greater than] 2[Ca.