Affricates

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Related to affricate: affricate consonant

Affricates

 

consonants consisting of plosive (obstruent) and fricative elements; for example, Russian ts and ch. An affricate is a type of obstruent consonant the occlusion of which, when it is pronounced, does not terminate with the explosion of the plosive organs of speech but with their incomplete closure, which causes the formation of a fricative. Affricates are distinguished from combinations of plosive consonants with fricatives; compare Russian ch and tsh in the words ochutit’sia and otshutit’sia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Spirants include sibilants /s/ and /s/ along with affricates /z/ [ts?
Table 9: The comparison of sonant affricate consonant between MP and ISP Sonant affricate consonant MP *j- *-j- BUP [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Table 10: The comparison of liquid consonant between MP and ISP MP ISP *r- *r *l Table 11: The comparison of the half vowel consonant between MP and ISP The half vowel consonant MP *w *y ISP *w *y
Clear northern traits can be seen in affricates in certain consonant combinations and 2nd person plural verb endings, but the presence of Tuscan is also clear in his use of palatals and in the lack of metaphony.
Unaspirated, voiceless, alveolar, affricate contrasts with aspirated, voiceless, velar, affricate.
The underlying form of the second stem in each two stem sequence does not have an initial nasal component because there is no contrast in this context between stems beginning with a voiced stop or affricate and ones beginning with a prenasal.
Finally, the completion of the process of the affricate <ch> deletion is illustrated on the basis of The cyrurgie of Guy de Chauliac (EM).
These also reflect a PFi root *kacke-; the affricate is preserved in Voro katski 'broken '(~ Fi katki 'broken in two ').
It is assumed here that affricates are, in a way, an intermediate stage between stops and fricatives from the point of view of the way in which the air is released by the articulators in the oral cavity.
SaaL sassa would presuppose a PSaa form *sose, which renders the comparison entirely impossible: PSaa *s developed from PU *s and *s, and it does not reflect an earlier affricate.
laiv : 'laiva 'ship', 'kuud' : 'koodi 'code'), and an alternation of length, where additionally the phonological length of a stop, affricate, or sibilant changes (e.
stood for the dental affricate [dz], an ongoing development of the palatal [dz], while the latter phoneme was ousting [z].
This article examines stop assibilations--defined here as processes that convert a (coronal) stop to a sibilant affricate or fricative before high vocoids, e.