aflatoxins


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Related to aflatoxins: ergotism, Ochratoxins

aflatoxins

(ăf`lətäk'sĭnz), a group of secondary metabolites that are cancer-causing byproducts of a mold that grows on nuts and grains, particularly peanuts. Although aflatoxin is most commonly produced when the potentially affected foods are improperly stored, recent studies have documented its production in the field, particularly if severe climatic changes occur or if the plants are attacked by insects. Most industrialized nations strictly regulate the aflatoxin level in human food. However, many of these products are used in animal feed, and if an animal consumes infected food, the aflatoxin passes to people in contaminated milk and meat products. Aflatoxin is a carcinogenic for certain animals, particularly cattle. Among humans, it is associated with liver cancer, particularly in Third World nations where malnutrition and other health problems are also prevalent.
References in periodicals archive ?
Limited survey for the occurrence of aflatoxins in cereals and poultry feeds from Rabat, Morocco.
Maya Mokdad, project manager at the Lebanese Association for Food Safety, said that aflatoxins fall into a broader family of substances known as mycotoxins, which are produced by mold and fungi that grows on spices post-harvest, prior to processing and distribution.
Exposure to aflatoxins may be a causative factor for child stunting and underweight, neurological impairment, immunosuppression and child mortality, according WHO Expert Group Meeting in July 2005 [13].
Aflatoxin is considered a real threat to the society's health due to its high toxicity.
Recent studies conducted in some regions of the country have revealed contamination of maize with aflatoxins and fumonisins (Kimanya et al.
Authorities sprung into action following the discovery of aflatoxins in milk at farms in the Larnaca and Famagusta districts this week.
Peanuts become tainted with aflatoxins during storage under hot, moist conditions that promote fungal growth.
Warwickshire and Leicestershire County Council's Trading Standards Service is warning that 'Deggi Mirch' chilli powder contains high levels of aflatoxins and could be on sale in the county.
There is evidence that aflatoxins could cause cancer in humans.
Aflatoxins are highly carcinogenic metabolites of molds that may contaminate peanuts and other crops.