aflatoxins


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Related to aflatoxins: ergotism, Ochratoxins

aflatoxins

(ăf`lətäk'sĭnz), a group of secondary metabolites that are cancer-causing byproducts of a mold that grows on nuts and grains, particularly peanuts. Although aflatoxin is most commonly produced when the potentially affected foods are improperly stored, recent studies have documented its production in the field, particularly if severe climatic changes occur or if the plants are attacked by insects. Most industrialized nations strictly regulate the aflatoxin level in human food. However, many of these products are used in animal feed, and if an animal consumes infected food, the aflatoxin passes to people in contaminated milk and meat products. Aflatoxin is a carcinogenic for certain animals, particularly cattle. Among humans, it is associated with liver cancer, particularly in Third World nations where malnutrition and other health problems are also prevalent.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists at the University of Florida found that illuminating peanuts with pulsed light could degrade the aflatoxins in the product, thanks to pulsed light's photochemical effects.
In developed countries, laws limit the parts- per-billion (ppb) of aflatoxins allowed in food for humans, livestock and pets.
Caption: Aflatoxin is a poison that contaminates many of Africa's staple foods.
Key words: Aflatoxins, Assessment, Fruit, Markets, Orchard, Vegetable.
Aflatoxins at levels of parts per billion (ppb) is thought to impart substantial losses to livestock industry (Bhat and Vasanthi, 2003).
Background: Aflatoxin is an important concern in the poultry industry and public health because of serious major economic losses and health problems.
Aflatoxins can be measured directly in foodstuffs, and human exposure can be assessed at the individual level by measuring aflatoxin-albumin (AF-alb) adducts in blood and in urine.
The MycoFlow Total Aflatoxin Strip Test Kit is Bioo Scientific's latest addition to its line of kits for mycotoxin detection.
Contamination is not related to the type of spice, but rather, unsafe storage conditions, which serve as the breeding ground for aflatoxins.