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(Agamidae), a family of lizards. The head is covered with small plates, the extremities are well developed, and the tail is usually long and is nonautotomic. The teeth are attached to the upper edge of the jaws (acrodonts). Agamas have the ability to change color under the influence of excitement or warmth. There are approximately 35 genera (Draco, Calotes, Phrynocephalus, Amphibolurus barbatus, Chlamydosaurus kingi, Uromastyx, Moloch horridas, and many others), which include approximately 300 species. They are found in Africa (with the exception of Madagascar); southeastern Europe; middle, central, and southern Asia; Australia; and New Guinea. In the USSR there are two genera (Agama and Phrynocephalus) represented by 13 species. The agamas are active during the day. Most of them feed predominantly on insects, and a few are herbivorous.

The genus Agama includes approximately 60 species (in Africa, southwest Asia, and southern Europe), seven of which are found in the USSR. The overall body length of adult agamas can be as much as 27 to 35 cm. One of the most characteristic lizards of the deserts and semideserts of middle Asia and the eastern Ciscaucasian area is the steppe agama (Agama sanguinolenta), whose body length can be as much as 30 cm. Typical for the mountains are the Caucasian agama (Agama caucasica), the Turkestan agama (Agama lehmanii), the Pavlovskii agama (Agama pawlowskii), and others.


References in periodicals archive ?
Eighteen species of agamid lizards live in Sri Lanka, including three endemic genera and 15 (83%) endemic species (Bahir and Surasinghe 2005, Somaweera and Somaweera 2009).
Homage to Santa Anita: thermal sensitivity of sprint speed in agamid lizards.
Correlates of active body temperatures and microhabitat occupation in nine species of central Australian agamid lizards.
In addition, females of the agamid lizard, Agama atra follow a condensed reproductive cycle in which ovarian activity occurs only in September to November (Van Wyk 1984).
the indian bloodsucker AGAMID lizard, Calotes versicolor [no relation to the vampire]