Agreement

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Agreement

 

(also called concord). (1) The correspondence between the grammatical form of a noun (or the noun’s membership in a specific syntactic class) and the grammatical form of a word, generally an adjective or verb, connected with the noun in a sentence. Agreement in a grammatical category means that a change in a noun’s grammatical sense causes (although only in some cases) a change in the words connected with the noun. In Russian, agreement exists according to case (seryi volk, “gray wolf”-serogo volka, “of the gray wolf”), number (seryi volk-serye volki, “gray wolves”; volk voet, “the wolf howls”-vo/A:¡ voiut, “the wolves howl”), and gender (seryi volk-seraia sobaka, “gray dog” [feminine]; volk vyl, “the wolf hovf\ed”-sobaka vyla, “the dog howled”).

Grammatical descriptions of languages generally represent agreement as a correspondence between the grammatical meanings (or between such elements as case, number, and gender) of a noun and of the words connected with the noun. However, agreement may be defined in other ways. For example, in standard Estonian grammar, when a noun is in the comitative case the modifying adjective must be in the genitive case.

Agreement is a means of expressing a syntactic bond, which may be direct (seryi volk) or indirect (dom, v kotorom my zhivem, “the house in which we live”; sestra ushla, skazavshis’ bol’noi, “sister left, saying she was ill”). Agreement is well developed in inflected languages and, to a lesser extent, in agglutinative languages. It is absent in amorphous languages.

(2) A direct syntactic bond between the words in a phrase, expressed by means of agreement in the first meaning of the term, generally in combination with work order and intonation. An example is the bond within the word group seryi volk.

A. A. ZALIZNIAK

agreement

1. A meeting of minds.
2. A legally enforceable promise or promises between two or among several persons.
3. On a construction project, the document stating the essential terms of the construction contract which incorporates by reference the other contract documents.
4. The document setting forth the terms of the contract between the architect and owner or between the architect and a consultant.
5. An arrangement indicating the intent of a contract but not necessarily fulfilling all the enforceable provisions of it. Also see agreement form, contract.
References in classic literature ?
That before we trek you execute a deed agreeing, in the event of my death or disablement, to pay my boy Harry, who is studying medicine over there in London, at Guy's Hospital, a sum of L200 a year for five years, by which time he ought to be able to earn a living for himself if he is worth his salt.
The boys evidently felt they had been hardly used, and he could not help agreeing with their silent dissatisfaction.
Opinion was divided as to the bravery of the king of beasts --some maintaining that he was an arrant coward, but all agreeing that it was with a feeling of greater security that they gripped their express rifles when the monarch of the jungle roared about a camp at night.
Up to yesterday morning I thought it was really Evgenie Pavlovitch who was to blame; now I cannot help agreeing with the others.
We reached Paris about eight o'clock, dined, and then, tired out, we separated, agreeing to meet the next morning at my rooms.
The results were similar according to the seniority of the doctor, with 86% of hospital consultants agreeing with the statement compared to 84% of junior doctors.
Los Angeles city officials will announce today that they have cut a deal to end litigation over the modernization of LAX, with opponents agreeing to trust the mayor and City Council to abandon the most controversial elements of the $11 billion plan.
To agree is the precondition for either accepting or refusing something; only by agreeing can one change it.