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Related to ailanthus: genus Ailanthus


(ālăn`thəs), any tree of the genus Ailanthus, native to the warm regions of Asia and Australia. Ailanthus wood is sometimes used for cabinetmaking and for the manufacture of charcoal. The leaves are a source of food for silkworms, and the bark and leaves are used medicinally. Females of a species called tree of heaven, native to China, are widely grown in European and American cities because of their attractive foliage and their resistance to smoke and soot; the male flowers, however, have a disagreeable odor. Ailanthus is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Simaroubaceae.



a genus of trees of the family Sim-aroubaceae. The leaves are alternating, intricate, and nonparipinnate. The blossoms are small and contained in paniculate racemes. There are about ten species in southern and eastern Asia and in Australia. In the USSR three species are cultivated, including the Ailanthus altissima, or the Chinese ash. It is a fast-growing tree cultivated in the European USSR (primarily in the southern Ukraine), in the Caucasus, and in Middle Asia. It grows well even on dry and stony soils. The wood is used for construction, woodwork, paper production, and fuel. In China, ailanthus leaves are fed to caterpillars of the ailanthus silkworm.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow and Leningrad, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
Delignification of Ailanthus altissima and Spruce orientalis with glycerol or alkalin glycerol at atmospheric pressure.
The exotic shrub and small tree species with the highest visual abundances are Ailanthus altissima, Lonicera X bella, L.
Background: Habitats on Montecristo island are seriously threatened by the invasive alien tree species Ailanthus altissima.
Some of these plants used in last researches are poplar, pine, palm, silverberry, fig, ash, apple, birch, ailanthus, elder, oak and acacia.
Ailanthus altissima, Allelopathy, and Nitrogen Fixation in Legumes: How One Invasive Species is Potentially Securing Its Success.
All this prosaic attention to infrastructure and repair strewn haphazardly on either side of the canal amid weeds and ailanthus trees, this strange combination of industrial, residential, and bucolic, speaks to the poignantly somnolent essence of Brooklyn.
This study describes the population structure and dynamics of Ailanthus altissima within the Wright State University woodlot near Dayton, Ohio.
Juniperus virginiana, Fraximus Americana, Quercus muehlenbergii; Liriodendron tulipifera, Carya glabra, Celtis Occident alts; and Acer saccharum, Ailanthus altissima, Sassafras albidum are a few of the forest communities documented.
Ironically, Elly and her grandmother share an old-fashioned name--Ailanthia, a feminization of ailanthus, or heaven tree.
In my case, I'll be using oyster mushroom spore as I cut down ailanthus (heavenwood or tree of heaven), a major invasive weed tree species in my area.
The team has recently planted Ailanthus, or tree of heaven, which has striking autumn colours of orange and red, the Powlonia or foxglove tree, the yellow stemmed ash, and the Liquidamba or sweet gum tree.