air lock


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air lock,

compartment connecting two different environments, usually at different pressures, that enables personnel to transfer from one environment to the other. Space capsules have air locks to enable astronauts to move between the pressurized cabin and the near vacuum of space. A more common example is the air lock between the outer atmosphere and the working chamber of a caissoncaisson
[Fr.,=big box], in engineering, a chamber, usually of steel but sometimes of wood or reinforced concrete, used in the construction of foundations or piers in or near a body of water. There are several types.
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. By its means access can be gained to the working chamber without loss of pressure. It is also used at the head of tunnel excavations underwater. There is a door at each end. When the outer door of the air lock is opened, men or material may be admitted into the compartment. After the outer door is closed, compressed air is admitted to raise pressure in the air lock to the level of the pressure in the working chamber, and the inner door can be opened. The reverse of this procedure takes place on leaving the working chamber. Great care must be exercised in passing workmen through an air lock, so that the change of atmospheric pressure takes place gradually. Too sudden a change of pressure may cause decompression sicknessdecompression sickness,
physiological disorder caused by a rapid decrease in atmospheric pressure, resulting in the release of nitrogen bubbles into the body tissues. It is also known as caisson disease, altitude sickness, and the bends.
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.

lock, air:

see air lockair lock,
compartment connecting two different environments, usually at different pressures, that enables personnel to transfer from one environment to the other. Space capsules have air locks to enable astronauts to move between the pressurized cabin and the near vacuum of
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.

Air lock

A lobby or small room with self-closing doors to allow access between two other spaces while restricting the amount of air exchanged between them.

air lock

[′er ‚läk]
(engineering)
A chamber capable of being hermetically sealed that provides for passage between two places of different pressure, such as between an altitude chamber and the outside atmosphere, or between the outside atmosphere and the work area in a tunnel or shaft being excavated through soil subjected to water pressure higher than atmospheric. Also known as lock.
An air bubble in a pipeline which impedes liquid flow.
A depression on the surface of a molded plastic part that results from air trapped between the surface of the mold and the plastic.
(mining engineering)
A casing atop an upcast mine shaft to minimize surface air leakage into the fan.

air lock

1. A space which is designed to isolate an air conditioned space from another space to which it is connected.
2. In a pump or piping system, the stoppage of flow resulting from the presence of trapped air.
3. An enclosure with control doors between two rooms that permits the ingress and egress from one room to another while permitting minimal air movement between rooms.

air lock

i. A stoppage or diminution of flow in a fuel system, hydraulic system, or the like caused by a pocket of air or vapor. Often called vapor lock.
ii. A chamber capable of being hermetically sealed that provides for passage between two places of different pressure, as between an altitude chamber and the outside atmosphere.
References in periodicals archive ?
3) The air lock technique prevents leakage occurring, as the air prevents any seepage along the needle tract (4,5,3) but using the Z-track method can also have the same effect.
Options include rotary air locks for processes that require the handling of large volumes of chips and shavings and polyester spunboard media filters.
This new air lock cap can be easily installed in any existing StormFilters system and could be done as part of the annual maintenance process.
Among the options available are devices for crown cork, can and screw closing, a low oxygen system which enables nitrogen to flush out any oxygen in the container to minimise oxidisation, on outlet air lock to increase the aseptic chamber's capacity, and a data logger.
The supplier lists a six gallon Screw-Top Poly-Fermenter with faucet, air lock and stopper for about $22.
The work on Atlantis consists of 323 modifications, including preparing an air lock for use on the International Space Station, beefing up radiator panels to protect them from micrometeor hits
Moore also designed a special air lock that will be bolted onto the limestone roof to prevent any exchange of gas between the chamber and the outside air.
In operation, the waste stream enters through a conveyor system and is fed through an air lock into the main reactor.
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Maclocks, the leading brand of Apple Anti-Theft solutions, introduces the new MacBook Air Lock Bracket Kit joining our line of cutting-edge discreet bracket locks which provides MBA users with an additional and unique way to secure their super thin MacBook Air.
His room has a special air lock which meant that we couldn't go in or out to see him without a check being made for any germs we may be carrying.