albinism


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Related to albinism: Ocular Albinism

albinism

[′al·bə‚niz·əm]
(biology)
The state of having colorless chromatophores, which results in the absence of pigmentation in animals that are normally pigmented.
(medicine)
A hereditary, metabolic disorder transmitted as an autosomal recessive and characterized by the inability to form melanin in the skin, hair, and eyes due to tyrosinase deficiency.
References in periodicals archive ?
First report of complete albinism in Desmodus rotundus species from Argentina
For animals trying to hide from predators, albinism can be a dangerous trait.
In Tanzania, the intense UV rays combined with a lack of suitable clothing and sun protection leads to so-called actinic keratosis a precancerous stage of skin cancer in people with albinism below the age of 20.
The prevalence of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder among persons with albinism.
Albinism is a genetic disorder that affects skin tone and eyesight -- it does not affect development or mental capabilities.
After her daughter was born with albinism, she took that as an opportunity to educate herself and others, instead of being defeated.
A total of 13 proposals, each receiving up to 75,000 [pounds sterling] from Sightsavers' 'Innovation Fund', range from projects on the promotion of education for children with albinism in East Africa and a national television for visually impaired people in India, to improvements to the treatment of diabetic retinopathy in Bangladesh.
The book describes eye injuries and disorders of surrounding structures, such as chemical burns, foreign objects, blowout fractures, chalazion, and eyelid tumors; congenital, hereditary, and other disorders that affect vision, like color blindness, albinism, Down syndrome, stroke,diabetes, multiple sclerosis, AIDS, infectious diseases like herpes, and traumatic injuries, and preventing injuries; and living with low vision, including home modifications, driving, independence, travel, and employment.
Roughly 1/3 900 people live with occulocutaneous albinism (OCA) in SA; (2) hypopigmentation of the skin, hair and eyes, due to melanin deficiency or absence, places them at increased risk of the adverse effects of sun exposure.
Four-year-old Alexander Dewar, who has albinism, has been able to venture outside unprotected for the first time since he was born.
While sons Vijay, 25, Shankar, 24 and Ramkishan, 19, and daughters Renu, 23, Deepa, 21 and Pooja, 18, have inherited their albinism.