albino


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Related to albino: Albino animals

albino

(ălbī`nō) [Port.,=white], animal or plant lacking normal pigmentation. The absence of pigment is observed in the body covering (skin, hair, and feathers) and in the iris of the eye. The blood vessels of the retina show through the iris, giving it a pink or reddish color, and the eyes are highly sensitive to light. Albinism is inherited as a Mendelian recessive character (see MendelMendel, Gregor Johann
, 1822–84, Austrian monk noted for his experimental work on heredity. He entered the Augustinian monastery in Brno in 1843, taught at a local secondary school, and carried out independent scientific investigations on garden peas and other plants until
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; geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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) in humans and other animals. Through experimental breeding, races of albinos have been established among some domestic animals, e.g., mice, rabbits, pigeons, and chickens. Albino animals are sometimes held sacred, for example, white elephants in Thailand and white cattle in India. The presence of an excess of black pigment is called melanism.

albino

[al′bī·nō]
(biology)
A human or animal with a congenital deficiency of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.
(botany)
An abnormal plant with colorless chromatophores.

albino

1. a person with congenital absence of pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair
2. any animal or plant that is deficient in pigment
References in periodicals archive ?
Visitors were reporting sightings of the albino rodent, but as with spectres it was proving difficult to capture on camera.
I've never caught an albino catfish and I was determined to get one this time.
Former builder Gareth, who is part of the British Traditional Molecatchers Register, reckons some members have been catching moles for 50-60 years and never found an albino - yet he captured one less than 12 months since starting up his own business.
Snowflake, a male Western lowland gorilla, was the only known albino (white colouring) gorilla in the world.
The dirty, dehydrated and 'very smelly' albino rats were discarded in a hedge in a Wrexham Council food bin
His three siblings have five albino children between them - making them the biggest albino family in the world.
The 2003 film tells the story of 17-year-old albino Noi Kristmundsson, who feels out of place in the small fishing village in which he lives.
The previous biggest albino - at 192lb -was caught by blind angler Sheila Penfold, 57, from Wandsworth, London, on a trip to Spain last year.
Leucistic squirrels have reduced pigmentation and do not have the pink eyes of albino squirrels,'' she said.
The first albino kangaroos were received from the Czech Republic and they bring sibs for many years already.
She set up the Northumbrian Hedgehog Rescue Trust in 1998 and has cared for up to 400 of them every year without seeing a single albino.
It dawned on me that I was staring at the first wild albino deer I'd seen in more than half a century spent bowhunting whitetails across much of North America.