albino

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Related to albinos: albinism

albino

(ălbī`nō) [Port.,=white], animal or plant lacking normal pigmentation. The absence of pigment is observed in the body covering (skin, hair, and feathers) and in the iris of the eye. The blood vessels of the retina show through the iris, giving it a pink or reddish color, and the eyes are highly sensitive to light. Albinism is inherited as a Mendelian recessive character (see MendelMendel, Gregor Johann
, 1822–84, Austrian monk noted for his experimental work on heredity. He entered the Augustinian monastery in Brno in 1843, taught at a local secondary school, and carried out independent scientific investigations on garden peas and other plants until
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; geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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) in humans and other animals. Through experimental breeding, races of albinos have been established among some domestic animals, e.g., mice, rabbits, pigeons, and chickens. Albino animals are sometimes held sacred, for example, white elephants in Thailand and white cattle in India. The presence of an excess of black pigment is called melanism.

albino

[al′bī·nō]
(biology)
A human or animal with a congenital deficiency of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.
(botany)
An abnormal plant with colorless chromatophores.

albino

1. a person with congenital absence of pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair
2. any animal or plant that is deficient in pigment
References in periodicals archive ?
They discovered their unhappy situation while helping one of the country's poorest communities on the island of Ukerewe in Lake Victoria, which has one of the largest populations of albino residents in the country.
Leucistic squirrels have reduced pigmentation and do not have the pink eyes of albino squirrels,'' she said.
An albino kangaroo of Bennett's tree-kangaroo family was born in Tashkent Zoo, reported the press service of the zoo.
The hedgehog-lover is taking advice on whether the albinos can survive happily in the wild, or if their unusual colouring makes them less able to thrive.
Some deer biologists oppose protecting albinos because the white animals are not genetically complete and pass along their weaknesses to offspring and other animals within their herd.
EVERYTHING'S turned out all white for these rare albino hedgehogs being cared for by a Midland rescue centre.
Apes possess a gene variant that makes tanning possible, while human albinos don't.
Sullivan weaves Kiswahili words and local culture into the text, using Habo's inspiring search for dignity and acceptance to highlight a real-life issue in parts of modern day Tanzania - the poaching of albinos for good luck charms.
A PEST controller has beaten odds of one in 100,000 by catching an albino mole.
Scientists have revealed that inbreeding was the reason behind the white colouring of the famous albino gorilla that lived in a Barcelona Zoo until 2003.
Jakaya Kikwete: UN human rights chief Navi Pillay condemned Tuesday attacks on albinos in Tanzania by gangs collecting body parts for witchcraft who kill or dismember their victims, including babies and young children.
Mani revealed that she had gone to a hospital for a hysterectomy after her first child was born, determined not to bring any more albinos into the world.