albino

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Related to albinos: albinism

albino

(ălbī`nō) [Port.,=white], animal or plant lacking normal pigmentation. The absence of pigment is observed in the body covering (skin, hair, and feathers) and in the iris of the eye. The blood vessels of the retina show through the iris, giving it a pink or reddish color, and the eyes are highly sensitive to light. Albinism is inherited as a Mendelian recessive character (see MendelMendel, Gregor Johann
, 1822–84, Austrian monk noted for his experimental work on heredity. He entered the Augustinian monastery in Brno in 1843, taught at a local secondary school, and carried out independent scientific investigations on garden peas and other plants until
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; geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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) in humans and other animals. Through experimental breeding, races of albinos have been established among some domestic animals, e.g., mice, rabbits, pigeons, and chickens. Albino animals are sometimes held sacred, for example, white elephants in Thailand and white cattle in India. The presence of an excess of black pigment is called melanism.

albino

[al′bī·nō]
(biology)
A human or animal with a congenital deficiency of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.
(botany)
An abnormal plant with colorless chromatophores.

albino

1. a person with congenital absence of pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair
2. any animal or plant that is deficient in pigment
References in periodicals archive ?
These were all three mostly white partial albinos, apparently adult birds that showed normal behavior among normal conspecific individuals.
Although isolated examples of albino frogs, toads and newts have been discovered in the past this is the first time an entire group has been seen.
There are an estimated 270,000 people who suffer from the albino condition in the country of 39 million.
WILL SMITH has won an army of new albino fans with hot film I Am Legend.
La mayoria de las personas con albinismo nacen de padres que no son albinos.
But as an albino -- a sign of bad luck in his native Mali -- Keita couldn't see well enough to study.
ALBINO kids are being bullied because of the smash movie The Da Vinci Code, campaigners warned yesterday.
Reese, who maintains a Web site charting the history of albinos in cinema, keeps in close touch with the National Organization of Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH), which asked "Da Vinci" producers to consider diverging from Dan Brown's bestseller and not make Silas an albino.
Being generally conspicuous, albinos are more likely to fall prey to predators.
Does that mean all albinos are destined for a life in the shade?
Albinos are born without the pigment melanin that brings colour to skin, hair, fur and eyes.
2), collecting light emission from the vegetal hemisphere (where there are no pigment granules), used both wild-type and albino embryos.