alcohol dehydrogenase


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Related to alcohol dehydrogenase: Aldehyde dehydrogenase

alcohol dehydrogenase

[′al·kə‚hȯl ‚dē·hī′drä·jə‚nās]
(biochemistry)
The enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alcohol dehydrogenase and ethanol in the stems of trees: Evidence for anaerobic metabolism in the vascular cambium.
Functional assessment of human alcohol dehydrogenase family in ethanol metabolism: Significance of first-pass metabolism.
2) Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) is one of the major enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism and converts alcohol to acetaldehyde, a toxic compound that can be damaging to the liver and other body organ systems.
The agreement grants DSM rights to c-LEcta's proprietary alcohol dehydrogenases for enzyme screening programs and development of sustainable manufacturing routes for manufacturing of pharmaceutical active ingredients and intermediates.
Those women who are genetically coded to form more alcohol dehydrogenase may also have a reduced risk (Riley 2003).
1 fructose-bisphosphate Alcohol dehydrogenase XM_598754.
Alcohol gets metabolized to an intermediate product, acetaldehyde, by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), and then acetaldehyde is converted to acetate by a second enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) (2).
In some organisms, such as certain bacterial species, this alcohol dehydrogenase is more than a simple defense mechanism as it is essential under certain conditions for growth (Barber & Donohue, 1998).
The amyloid protein inflicts damage by interacting with an enzyme called Amyloid Beta Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ABAD) and releasing toxic substances which kill brain cells.
Also, in women the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which breaks down alcohol, doesn't work as well.
CH is metabolized to the hepatocarcinogen trichloroacetate (TCA) by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) and to the noncarcinogenic metabolite trichloroethanol (TCOH) by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH).
Included are alcohol dehydrogenase, apolipoprotein A, coeliac disease, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, lactose intolerance, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and PTC and PROP.

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