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(Russian zapas, reserve of the armed forces), those persons listed on military service records who have already had their term of active military service or who have been deferred from service for various reasons but who are fit for service in wartime. In the USSR, according to the Law on Compulsory Military Service of Oct. 12, 1967, the reserve is divided into two categories. The first category is made up of persons who have had at least one year of active military service and of servicemen who have participated in combat in defense of the USSR regardless of length of service. The second category is made up of servicemen who have had less than one year of active military service and such persons who have not been called for active military service for various reasons. Both categories of the reserve are divided into three age groups; the first group, to age 35; the second group, to age 45; and the third group, to age 50. Privates, sergeants, and master sergeants are in the reserve until age 50 if they are men and until age 40 for women that are listed cm military service records; officers, generals, admirals, marshals of combat arm, and admirals of the fleet are in the reserve until age 50–65 depending on their military rank. The officer reserve is formed of officers, generals, and admirals who are discharged from active military service and are registered in the reserve; soldiers, sailors, sergeants, and master sergeants who receive the rank of officer at the time they are discharged into the reserve or while in the reserve; and persons who have undergone military training in a civilian educational institution. Persons subject to military service who are in the reserve are called up periodically for refresher training periods and may be called for inspection assemblies.
M. G. ZHDANOV