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in political terms, the tie that binds an individual to another individual or institution. The term usually refers to a person's legal obligation of obedience to a government in return for the protection of that government, although it may have reference to any institution that one is bound to support. In the United States allegiance is required of both citizenscitizen,
member of a state, native or naturalized, who owes allegiance to the government of the state and is entitled to certain rights. Citizens may be said to enjoy the most privileged form of nationality; they are at the furthest extreme from nonnational residents of a state
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 and resident aliens. In ordinary speech, the term may include supplemental emotional ties that make it loosely synonymous with loyalty.

Individuals develop allegiances to social groups, such as family, school, club, and religion, through processes of socialization; recent scholars have examined the connection of these more intimate processes to the maintenance or shift of political allegiances. Political scientists distinguish between natural allegiance, which arises from membership by birth within a political society; express allegiance, which arises from an oath or promise to support a political society, usually resulting from naturalizationnaturalization,
official act by which a person is made a national of a country other than his or her native one. In some countries naturalized persons do not necessarily become citizens but may merely acquire a new nationality.
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; local allegiance, in which an alien pledges temporary allegiance to a government for the protection it offers; and legal allegiance, which arises in certain cases from an oath taken to support a government temporarily, as when a foreign soldier joins its armed forces.

Under European laws a people did not have the right to change allegiance without consent of their governments. In 1868 the United States declared that it was the right of any citizen to voluntarily transfer allegiance to another government. Great Britain provided the same opportunity for its subjects in 1870, and thereafter other European states followed similar policies. The process of expatriationexpatriation,
loss of nationality. Such loss is usually, although not necessarily, voluntary. Generally it applies to those persons who have renounced nationality and citizenship in one country to become citizens or subjects of another. According to U.S.
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, however, is by no means universal.

See also Pledge of AllegiancePledge of Allegiance,
in full, Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, oath that proclaims loyalty to the United States. and its national symbol.
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(in feudal society) the obligations of a vassal to his liege lord
References in periodicals archive ?
Allegiant has revealed that it is offering introductory one way airfares from $34 for the Fort Lauderdale-Concord route, while passengers bound for Memphis will have to shell out $66 (one way).
Allegiant is very excited to expand its service to Myrtle Beach, and we're glad we can make the destination more accessible for five new communities," said Jude Bricker, Allegiant Travel Company senior vice president of planning.
As part of the trial service, Allegiant Systems has also included training, hardware logistics and ongoing support services to the airlines.
We were able to make it through the recession when Allegiant came in and added capacity into the market - we were getting low-fare service, additional routes throughout the downturn.
Andrew C Levy, the company president, said, 'We are pleased to extend the Allegiant brand of low-cost travel services to the residents of Niagara and southern Ontario.
Allegiant expects to spend between $75 million to $90 million through 2012 acquiring and preparing this fleet for service.
Passengers on board all in-bound Las Vegas Allegiant Air flights can choose to purchase a discounted 10-ride Monorail ticket voucher from flight attendants; customers then redeem the voucher at any of the customer service booths conveniently located at each of the seven Monorail stations.
The new routes will expand on the eight seasonal routes Allegiant currently serves to Myrtle Beach International Airport (MYR).
If Allegiant continues to stonewall in negotiations and continues to disregard the federal court's injunction ordering it to restore the pilots' work rules, then a pilot strike at Allegiant Air will be very realistic.
Besides Indianapolis, Allegiant plans flights in Omaha, Neb.
Allegiant Air will relocate 10 routes from Florida's Orlando-Sanford International airport to Orlando International airport between February and March of next year as Orlando International MCO becomes the leisure carrier's eighth base overall and fourth Florida base.