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(ăl'əpē`shēə): see baldnessbaldness,
thinning or loss of hair as a result of illness, functional disorder, or hereditary disposition; also known as alopecia. Male pattern baldness, a genetic trait, is the most common cause of baldness among white males.
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(baldness), thinning or complete absence of hair in an isolated area or on the entire surface of the skin.

Alopecia is usually localized on the scalp and face; less frequently, it is localized in the armpits, the pubic region, or elsewhere. Congenital, premature, senile, and other forms of the disease exist. Symptomatic alopecia—the result of acute infections, nervous diseases, poisoning, endocrine disorders, fungal diseases, or secondary syphilis—is characterized by the temporary focal or diffuse loss of hair in any region of the body; the skin remains unaltered at the morbid site. Alopecia areata, a special type of baldness, is manifested by the sudden appearance of hairless foci that are round or oval and well defined. With the merging of these foci, complete baldness can occur; the skin is unchanged and subjective sensations are absent. Angioneurosis and endocrine disorders are the principal causes of alopecia areata.

Congenital alopecia is rarely encountered; the manifestation of a developmental disorder, it is usually noticed at birth or in the first months of life. Premature alopecia is observed most often in men 20 to 25 years of age. The condition is characterized by the gradual, progressive loss of hair from the scalp. The skin in such cases becomes thin, and its texture, silky. In women affected with premature alopecia, only a thinning of hair occurs. In both men and women, senile alopecia progresses in a manner similar to premature alopecia but sets in at a later age (55–60 years). Senile alopecia is a result of normal physiological aging.

Treatment of alopecia involves the administering of vitamins A, B1, and B6, of hormones, and furocoumarin preparations—peucedanin, Beroksan, Ammifurin—in combination with ultraviolet irradiation. Topical measures include physiotherapy, massage, and rubbing with tinctures of cayenne pepper.


Zalkind, E. S. Bolezni volos. [Leningrad] 1959.
Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvopo dermatovenerologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1964.



Loss of hair; baldness.


loss of hair, esp on the head; baldness
References in periodicals archive ?
In just three weeks it progressed to alopecia universalis, which left her totally bald.
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks hair follicles, resulting in patchy or complete hair loss.
But that wasn't healthy and it also wasn't a long-term solution to dealing with my alopecia.
Discussion after the treatment panel included testimonials from patients who reported successful treatment with tofacitinib (Xeljanz), a Janus kinase inhibitor approved for rheumatoid arthritis, which is not approved for treatment of alopecia.
Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia predominandy affects black women and is characterized by circular hair loss of the vertex, with perifollicular inflammation and scarring.
Alopecia Areata: It is a condition when uneven hair loss takes place, resulting in patchy baldness instead of a single bald spot.
For patients with alopecia totalis or universalis, the duration of the current episode was a median 1.
Major extracts from the Table of Content of Alopecia Treatment Market, 2016-2022 report:
We evaluated hair regrowth using changes in SALT (Severity of Alopecia Tool) scores, which is a validated tool that quantities percent scalp hair loss (11).
Studies comparing the psychosocial impact of androgenic alopecia on women and men reported that it is a common dermatological condition with potentially adverse psychosocial impact mainly in women3 with certain items like inability to style their hair, dissatisfaction with their appearance, concern about the continuing hair loss and concern about others noticing their hair loss having a profound influence on them.
Having always been proud of her flowing locks, she was told she had alopecia areata.