alpaca


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to alpaca: Alpaca silver

alpaca

(ălpăk`ə), partially domesticated South American mammal, Lama pacos, of the camelcamel,
ruminant mammal of the family Camelidae. The family consists of three genera, the true camels of Asia (genus Camelus); the wild guanaco and the domesticated alpaca and llama, all of South America (genus Lama
..... Click the link for more information.
 family. Genetic studies show that it is a descendant of the vicuñavicuña
, wild South American hoofed mammal, Vicugna vicugna, the smallest member of the camel family. It is 30 in. (75 cm) high at the shoulder, with a long, slender neck and pale, fawn coloring.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Although the flesh is sometimes used for food, the animal is bred chiefly for its long, lustrous wool, which varies from black, through shades of brown, to white. Flocks of alpaca are kept by indigenous people in the highlands of Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. They feed on grasses growing close to the snow line, and they require a pure water supply.

The Incas had domesticated the alpaca and utilized its wool before the Spanish Conquest, but subsequently the alpaca and the llama were extensively hybridized, leading to a gradual reduction in the amount of high quality alpaca wool. Exporting of alpaca wool to Europe began after Sir Titus Salt discovered (1836) a way of manufacturing alpaca cloth. Breeding alpacas is a small but growing industry in the United States, Canada, and some other non-Andean nations.

Alpacas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Camelidae.

alpaca

[al′pak·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
Lama pacos. An artiodactyl of the camel family (Camelidae); economically important for its long, fine wool.

alpaca

1
1. a domesticated cud-chewing artiodactyl mammal, Lama pacos, closely related to the llama and native to South America: family Camelidae. Its dark shaggy hair is a source of wool
2. the cloth made from the wool of this animal
3. a glossy fabric simulating this, used for linings, etc.

alpaca

2 (sometimes), alpacca
a type of nickel silver used in jewellery
References in periodicals archive ?
Estudios realizados en P multocida de alpacas se basan principalmente en la deteccion e identificacion microbiologica; sin embargo, no existe informacion acerca de la diversidad de las cepas que pueden afectar a un grupo de animales susceptibles.
As they are herd animals they should be kept with other alpacas.
Alpacas are herd animals and usually move and eat in groups, so you always see one or two others with them.
Notwithstanding these limitations, we believe that the alpaca might be a useful model that could greatly facilitate the development and testing of vaccine candidates.
They now keep both females and stud males and can have anything from 45 to 70 alpacas on the farm, depending on the time of year and breeding season.
However, the Russells have now decided to sell the farm, including the alpacas, as they seek a "change of direction".
e two elements t neatly together and this was the rst time we have had alpacas at the Ricoh Arena.
Beth Osborne of the Alpaca Hacienda in Temecula, Calif.
El analisis de los resultados demostro ausencia de modificaciones electrocardiograficos inducidas por la condicion de altura, salvo una menor frecuencia cardiaca y una mayor y significativa duracion de la sistole electrica ventricular (Q-TC) en los altiplanicos; y otro estudio trato de demostrar si la presencia de microquistes de Sarcocystes lamacanis en el corazon de alpacas producirian cambios electrocardiograficos, sin encontrar diferencias entre las alpacas normales y las infectadas (Bowler y Grandez, 2008).
Significantly smaller than llamas, alpacas are usually kept in herds that graze on the level heights in places such as the Andes of southern Peru.
Free seminars including Alpaca 101 farming education for beginners to advanced, Alpaca Breeding practices do's & don't from the experts, Current market trends, Fiber-n-More, “Barley Fodder Mat Production: An Alternative Approach to Livestock Feed with Lower Costs and Increased Herd Health,” A Live International Auction for breeding rites to some of Americas National Champion Herdsire Studs.
Por ejemplo, el Ministerio de Agricultura tenia un proyecto especial de compra de fibra de alpaca y competia con el Conacs; es decir, el gobierno tenia un Conacs, pero la compra de fibra de alpaca la hacia otra institucion; no habia una estrategia nacional.