alpaca

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alpaca

(ălpăk`ə), partially domesticated South American mammal, Lama pacos, of the camelcamel,
ruminant mammal of the family Camelidae. The family consists of three genera, the true camels of Asia (genus Camelus); the wild guanaco and the domesticated alpaca and llama, all of South America (genus Lama
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 family. Genetic studies show that it is a descendant of the vicuñavicuña
, wild South American hoofed mammal, Vicugna vicugna, the smallest member of the camel family. It is 30 in. (75 cm) high at the shoulder, with a long, slender neck and pale, fawn coloring.
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. Although the flesh is sometimes used for food, the animal is bred chiefly for its long, lustrous wool, which varies from black, through shades of brown, to white. Flocks of alpaca are kept by indigenous people in the highlands of Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. They feed on grasses growing close to the snow line, and they require a pure water supply.

The Incas had domesticated the alpaca and utilized its wool before the Spanish Conquest, but subsequently the alpaca and the llama were extensively hybridized, leading to a gradual reduction in the amount of high quality alpaca wool. Exporting of alpaca wool to Europe began after Sir Titus Salt discovered (1836) a way of manufacturing alpaca cloth. Breeding alpacas is a small but growing industry in the United States, Canada, and some other non-Andean nations.

Alpacas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Camelidae.

alpaca

[al′pak·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
Lama pacos. An artiodactyl of the camel family (Camelidae); economically important for its long, fine wool.

alpaca

1
1. a domesticated cud-chewing artiodactyl mammal, Lama pacos, closely related to the llama and native to South America: family Camelidae. Its dark shaggy hair is a source of wool
2. the cloth made from the wool of this animal
3. a glossy fabric simulating this, used for linings, etc.

alpaca

2 (sometimes), alpacca
a type of nickel silver used in jewellery
References in periodicals archive ?
For a start, alpaca shearing is a team effort, with the animal hauled on to its side using a pulley system.
However, the Russells have now decided to sell the farm, including the alpacas, as they seek a "change of direction".
e two elements t neatly together and this was the rst time we have had alpacas at the Ricoh Arena.
Animal lover Rob said alpacas were his favourite breed.
Learn from someone with experience and integrity," said Lona Nelsen Frank, owner of Alpacas of Tualatin Valley, LLC in Beaverton, Oregon.
A helpful repository of information about alpacas can be found at: www.
Mr Wright, the director of West Lancashire Alpacas Ltd, said: "The business model is effectively the sale of fibre, produced on an annual basis, and ultimate sale of breeding stock.
8220;Alpaca Amore ” management team is introducing an innovative approach to the marketing of breedings and the selling of alpacas by using live streaming making this event truly a live international affair.
But in the last week, these have been joined by the baby wallaby and the young male alpaca, known as a "cria", with both young animals said to be doing well.
I'm here to visit your alpaca farm so I was prepared for the sight of the 65 alpacas, but I wasn't expecting to see so many pugs.
This year's show sponsors are Angel Fleece Alpacas, Steden Farm, Catalpa Creek Alpacas, Eagle Bend Alpacas, and Seldom Scene Farm.
BIRMINGHAM'S NEC has been packed with a hoard of cuddly cute woolly alpacas for a special show.