alpaca

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alpaca

(ălpăk`ə), partially domesticated South American mammal, Lama pacos, of the camelcamel,
ruminant mammal of the family Camelidae. The family consists of three genera, the true camels of Asia (genus Camelus); the wild guanaco and the domesticated alpaca and llama, all of South America (genus Lama
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 family. Genetic studies show that it is a descendant of the vicuñavicuña
, wild South American hoofed mammal, Vicugna vicugna, the smallest member of the camel family. It is 30 in. (75 cm) high at the shoulder, with a long, slender neck and pale, fawn coloring.
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. Although the flesh is sometimes used for food, the animal is bred chiefly for its long, lustrous wool, which varies from black, through shades of brown, to white. Flocks of alpaca are kept by indigenous people in the highlands of Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. They feed on grasses growing close to the snow line, and they require a pure water supply.

The Incas had domesticated the alpaca and utilized its wool before the Spanish Conquest, but subsequently the alpaca and the llama were extensively hybridized, leading to a gradual reduction in the amount of high quality alpaca wool. Exporting of alpaca wool to Europe began after Sir Titus Salt discovered (1836) a way of manufacturing alpaca cloth. Breeding alpacas is a small but growing industry in the United States, Canada, and some other non-Andean nations.

Alpacas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Camelidae.

alpaca

[al′pak·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
Lama pacos. An artiodactyl of the camel family (Camelidae); economically important for its long, fine wool.

alpaca

1
1. a domesticated cud-chewing artiodactyl mammal, Lama pacos, closely related to the llama and native to South America: family Camelidae. Its dark shaggy hair is a source of wool
2. the cloth made from the wool of this animal
3. a glossy fabric simulating this, used for linings, etc.

alpaca

2 (sometimes), alpacca
a type of nickel silver used in jewellery
References in periodicals archive ?
Por ello, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo emplear la tecnica BOX-PCR para detectar diversidad genetica a partir de 24 cepas de P multocida de crias de alpacas con signos de neumonia.
Like sheep, alpacas need to be sheared once a year.
The RSPCA then asked her to rehome six neglected alpacas and her rescue work began.
They began breeding alpacas back in 2007 and have developed a range of hand knitted garments all made from the fleeces of their 130 alpacas.
Alpacas are easy on the ground they graze on due to the soft pads on their cloven hoofs and the lack of upper teeth.
The 3 alpacas were exposed oronasally to a 106 50% tissue culture infective dose of MERS-CoV in 5 mL of phosphate-buffered saline.
They now keep both females and stud males and can have anything from 45 to 70 alpacas on the farm, depending on the time of year and breeding season.
Judith said: "We fell in love with alpacas after we first saw them at the Northumberland Show and quite liked the idea of producing an animal we did not need for meat, but which have other qualities.
e two elements t neatly together and this was the rst time we have had alpacas at the Ricoh Arena.
A helpful repository of information about alpacas can be found at: www.
Se utilizaron 30 crias de alpacas (17 machos y 13 hembras), aparentemente sanas, comprendidas entre 1 a 60 dias de edad y criadas bajo las mismas condiciones de manejo y alimentacion.
Mr Wright, the director of West Lancashire Alpacas Ltd, said: "The business model is effectively the sale of fibre, produced on an annual basis, and ultimate sale of breeding stock.