alpha cell


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Related to alpha cell: beta cell

alpha cell

[′al·fə ‚sel]
(histology)
Any of the acidophilic chromophiles in the anterior lobe of the adenohypophysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glucagon is synthesised in the alpha cells of the pancreas, in response to low PGC.
Alpha cells in the pancreas can spontaneously transform into insulin-producing beta cells, researchers report online April 4 in Nature.
People without diabetes can control blood glucose levels so tightly because we have both beta and alpha cells working on it.
Conversely, alpha cells secrete glucagon, a hormone that triggers tissues to release sugar into the bloodstream.
works by stimulating the beta-cells to release insulin and suppressing glucagon secretion from the alpha cells only when blood sugar levels are high.
In those mice, but not in normal mice, they found that caerulein caused existing alpha cells in the pancreas to differentiate into insulin-producing beta cells.