amacrine cell


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Related to amacrine cell: bipolar cell

amacrine cell

[′am·ə‚krēn ‚sel]
(anatomy)
An interneuron located in the inner plexiform layer of the vertebrate retina that influences retinal signal processing in response to visual stimuli at the level of contact between the bipolar and ganglion cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
Soon some of the general cells changed into amacrine cells, and the researchers detected their presence by checking for chemicals produced only by amacrine cells.
The researchers observed that many of the progenitor cells arising from the dividing Muller glia cells died within the first week after their production, but those that managed to turn into amacrine cells survived for at least 30 days.
In the retina, acetylcholine is an excitatory transmitter produced by a subset of amacrine cells noted for their 'starburst' morphology.
Further evidence against the requirement for cholinergic amacrine cells in the retina for regulation of ocular growth comes from destruction of chick retinal amacrine cells with quisqualic acid, or ethylcholine mustard aziridinium (ECMA).