amantadine


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amantadine

[ə′man·tə‚dēn]
(pharmacology)
C10H17N A symmetrical amine used as a viral chemoprophylactic because it selectively inhibits certain myxoviruses; also of value in the treatment of parkinsonism.
References in periodicals archive ?
KEY WORDS: amantadine, dyskine-sias, side-effects, clinical practice
Investigators at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention detected an "alarmingly high" resistance rate of 92% to amantadine and rimantadine in an analysis of 209 influenza A(H3N2) isolates from patients in 26 states from Oct.
In June, news reports stated that China's agricultural ministry has encouraged farmers to use amantadine on flu-infected poultry.
The roles of vaccination and amantadine prophylaxis in controlling an outbreak of influenza A (H3N2) in a nursing home.
Amantadine, however, is more likely to cause side effects such as lightheadedness and inability to sleep more often than is rimantadine.
But Dr Fish said: "For years, we have been prescribing a drug called Amantadine that costs pounds 1.
However, there are two drugs-- amantadine and rimantadine--that can be used to treat some types of influenza infection.
A cheaper drug, Amantadine, has been doing this for 30 years, the report's authors add.
However, four drugs have been approved to treat people who get the flu: amantadine (Symmetrel), rimantadine (Flumadine), zanamivir (Relenza), and oseltamivir (Tamiflu).
The German researchers hope they have found a potential cure in the antiviral drug, amantadine sulfate, developed 30 years ago as a treatment for influenza.
For either Type A flu prophylaxis or treatment of suspected flu symptoms to lessen their severity and duration, amantadine (Symmetrel) 100 mg per day for 7-14 days or longer may be necessary.
An alternative for these people is amantadine, an antiviral prescription taken by mouth which can help prevent one type of flu.