care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Previously I would have had to stay in hospital for weeks on end until my course of antibiotic treatment was complete but thanks to ambulatory care, I can fit my treatment in around my normal daily life.
Who delivers the care on the ambulatory care units?
And even among program directors, there can be differences in the emphasis given to developing ambulatory care knowledge.
The Ambulatory Care Pavilion is an addition to the existing hospital while the parking garage will replace an obsolete parking facility that is slated to be demolished.
The demand for ambulatory care is a growing global phenomena, as a result of the declining ratio of physicians to patients, particularly in the Middle East.
Some policy analysts have been concerned that the resource limitations within managed care could undermine Medicaid beneficiaries' access to high-quality care and thereby increase hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (Institute of Medicine 2000).
org) JCAHO President Dennis O'Leary pointed out that "tissue storage and issuance from hospitals and ambulatory care centers is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA, but is not regularly evaluated.
Patmas, MS, MD, MMM, FACP, CPE, FACPE, is the medical director of the Providence Ambulatory Care and Education Center in Portland, Ore.
In the article, Antimicrobial Drug Prescriptions in Ambulatory Care Settings, United States, 1992-2000" by Linda F.
It seems, however, that the number or the proportion of patients with ambulatory care-sensitive conditions who require ICU admission is, at least in part, a function of access to ambulatory care.
Findings from a recent United Hospital Fund/New York University Ambulatory Care Provider Survey reveal that adequate space and staffing levels are essential to high physician productivity at New York City ambulatory care clinics.

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