amphiphilic


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amphiphilic

[‚am·fə′fil·ək]
(biochemistry)
Describing a molecule having a polar region that is separated from the nonpolar region.
References in periodicals archive ?
1-Monocaproin synthesized with the reaction of glycidol by chromium-caprylic fatty acid complexes changes the nature of the caprylic acid from lipophilic to amphiphilic.
From the high degree of sequence similarity, similar conformation and position of Trp residues in Trp-rich loop, we propose the same mechanism of action and the formation of amphiphilic helix by PLY.
Thus, unprecedented levels of poly-functional, tumor-killing CD8 T-cells can now be achieved with peptidic neoantigens coupled to amphiphilic components.
In this aspect, a number of amphiphilic polymeric micelles consisting of variety of copolymers have also been formulated for the purpose of drug delivery.
Effect of amphiphilic antioxidant alkyl ammonium ascorbate on inhibition of fungal growth: Application to wood preservatives formulation.
By using a chemical model resembling the mitochondrial membrane, they show that amphiphilic antioxidants can prevent oxidation of CL trapped within the respiratory supercomplexes and then preserve mitochondrial function.
Oil industry wastewater treatment with fouling resistant membranes containing amphiphilic comb copolymers, Environmental Science & Technology 43: 4487-4492.
In general, amphiphilic molecules, derived from hydrocarbon-based hydrophobic groups, can lower aqueous surface tension from pure water's 72 mN/m into the 30 mN/m range.
Amphiphilic copolymers are used as gene carriers where negatively charged cargo molecules (siRNA, mRNA, small protein or DNA) binds to the polycation through ionic interactions and polymers condense complex into sub-150-nm particles.
Since GO behaves like an amphiphilic macromolecule with hydrophilic edges and a more hydrophobic basal plane, it can serve as an attractive building block for the construction of various supramolecular architectures [7],
13) The hyperbranched polymers synthesized by these methods contained terminal groups mainly including unsaturated groups, polar groups, or hydrophilic groups, while the linear amphiphilic polymers with hydrophobic end groups exhibited good thickening effect, (14-19) but there have so far been few reports on the hyperbranched amphiphilic polymers with hydrophobic end groups.
These are a group of amphiphilic organic compounds that help to lower the surface tension of a liquid or interfacial tension between two liquids.