amygdalin


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amygdalin

(əmĭg`dəlĭn): see benzaldehydebenzaldehyde
or benzenecarbonal
, C6H5CHO, colorless liquid aldehyde with a characteristic almond odor. It boils at 180°C;, is soluble in ethanol, but is insoluble in water.
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amygdalin

[ə′mig·də‚lən]
(biochemistry)
C6H5CH(CN)OC12H21O10 A glucoside occurring in the kernels of certain plants of the genus Prunus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Amygdalin blocks bladder cancer cell growth in vitro by diminishing cyclin A and cdk2.
Amygdalin isolated from Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) extracts induces the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines.
In both cases and for each of the compositions, the bees preferred nectar containing amygdalin over the amygdalin-free option.
It is difficult - and sometimes impossible - to determine the workings of evolution, but it is likely that amygdalin is produced in the almond nectar so as to give the almond tree an advantage in reproduction," said Prof.
Based on our observations, we can make a guess at which mechanisms come into play for amygdalin to provide this advantage," he added.
Because of cyanide's lethal effect, amygdalin therapy should be approached with extreme caution.
By doing so, it departed radically from the universal standard for amygdalin, known since 1844, in order to inject patients with a product of known impurity.
Pharmaceutical assessment of amygdalin (Laetrile) products.
Impurities: An analysis done for the NCI by SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) showed that this Mexican laetrile was "heavily contaminated" with at least three known chemical constituents: amygdalinamide, amygdalin acid, and 2-propanol.
Majak and Cheng (1984, 1987) demonstrated that many ruminal bacteria have the ability to release free cyanide from the glycosides amygdalin (laetrile), prunasin, and linamarin (cyanogenic glucosides in cassava).
Amygdalin has been one of the most controversial cancer treatments for the past 50 years.
During the late 1970s and early 1980s, I personally was involved in a legal struggle with New York State that involved amygdalin and other alternative cancer therapies.