anabasine


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anabasine

[ə′na·bə‚sēn]
(organic chemistry)
A colorless, liquid alkaloid extracted from the plants Anabasis aphylla and Nicotiana glauca ; boiling point is 105°C; soluble in alcohol and ether; used as an insecticide.
References in periodicals archive ?
In an effort to distinguish between nicotine metabolites acquired from smoking vs NRTs in screening of transplant patients, we extended our nicotine panel to include the tobacco alkaloid anabasine, as well as the primary urinary nicotine metabolite trans-3'-hydroxycotinine.
After the analytical validation of our LC-MS/MS-based assay (4), we determined the clinical utility of anabasine to differentiate active smokers from those who were abstaining from smoking or on NRTs.
Figure 1 shows the extracted ion chromatograms for nicotine, cotinine, 3-hydroxycotinine, nornicotine and anabasine at concentrations of 10 ng/mL in extracted human urine.
Most samples also contained impurities known to be toxic to humans, such as anabasine, myosmine, and betanicotyrine.
Keeler and Panter also conducted a round of research to see whether the alkaloid anabasine in wild tree tobacco (Nicotiana glauca)--a plant that is also toxic to livestock--had similar effects on Spanish goats.
Compounds of plant origin such as rotenone, nicotine, anabasine, methyl anabasine and lupinine were found effective in killing Culex territans (Diptera: Culicidae) (1).
In southern Kazakhstan, where anabasine was collected from the wild thickets, 14,000 tons were gathered in a single year and processed at a chemical plant in the city of Chimkent.
Wood (6) lists some important photochemical products such as pyrethrum, derris, quassia, nicotine, hellebore, anabasine, azadirachtin, d-limonene, camphor and terpenes that have been used as insecticides.
Anabasine, a minor tobacco alkaloid and a biomarker used to check compliance of nicotine replacement therapy, was also included in the assay.
Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for determination of anabasine, antabine and other tobacco alkaloids in urine of smokers and smokeless tobacco users.
Besides nicotine, NBB is also responsible for the production of other nicotinic alkaloids, such as anatabine and anabasine.