anabolism


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anabolism:

see metabolismmetabolism,
sum of all biochemical processes involved in life. Two subcategories of metabolism are anabolism, the building up of complex organic molecules from simpler precursors, and catabolism, the breakdown of complex substances into simpler molecules, often accompanied by
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.

Anabolism

 

the aggregate of chemical processes that constitute one of the aspects of metabolism in an organism and are directed at forming the components of cells and tissues. Anabolism is interrelated with the opposite process, catabolism, since the decomposed products of various compounds can be reused in anabolism, forming new substances in different combinations. Anabolic processes, occurring in green plants with the absorption of solar energy, are of planetary significance and play a decisive role in the synthesis of organic substances from inorganic ones.

anabolism

[‚an′ab·ə‚liz·əm]
(biochemistry)
A part of metabolism involving the union of smaller molecules into larger molecules; the method of synthesis of tissue structure.

anabolism

a metabolic process in which complex molecules are synthesized from simpler ones with the storage of energy; constructive metabolism
References in periodicals archive ?
In the past it has been suggested (most commonly in the context of parenteral nutrition) that a patient's energy requirements should be provided as 'non-protein calories', in order to spare the protein for healing and anabolism.
Their topics include determining stoichiometric equations for catabolism and anabolism, the biodegration of special organic compounds, modeling the activated sludge process, and membrane technology.
It has been suggested, but without experimental proof, that a weekly increase of >40 mg/L in prealbumin concentrations reflects a switch to anabolism (12).
Third, despite athletes having healthy body fat percentage, the majority of baseball athletes desire more muscle mass, and 40% unnecessarily supplement with protein in an effort to promote muscle anabolism.
The excess growth hormone in critical illness theoretically may also assist in lowering potassium levels by increasing cellular synthesis and tissue anabolism.
Squares with no blemishes Some familiar words in ACHALASIA ACHALASIA OED CRENIDENS OED karanteen, Crenidens crenidens, or the larger bamboo-fish HEXANDRIC OED ANABOLITE Chambers, under anabolism LINOLENIN Web2 ADDLEHEAD Web2, under addle SERINETTE OED INITIATOR OED ASCENDERS OED ascender; or ASCENDERE OED ascension, Latin precursor APPETISES The Electronic Alveary, OED has appetize vb PARSONESE OED parson PRECISION OED; or PRECISION OED ESCULENTA Psoralea esculenta, Chambers bread, breadroot TOILETTES OSPD INSETTERS OED insetter SEINTEFIE OED ESOTERIZE OED SENASSEES OED senassee FOSSICEPS Aenictogiton fossiceps dilutum, ITISa OCTAGONAL OED STERNESSE OED sternness; or STURNESSE OED sternness SARKINITE OED IGNICOLOR Duellmanohyla ignicolor nuda, ITISa COENOSARE TC *,'?
The pineal gland and melatonin are generally considered to regulate physiologic processes that promote anabolism, or energy conservation, rather than catabolism; but beyond that, few details are known.
Among the many agents that have been used are pentavalent antimonials (which cause some systemic toxicity and are used to treat the mucocutaneous form), pentamidine, amphotericin B (which is used primarily for visceral leishmaniasis), paromomycin (used for the visceral and cutaneous forms), cytokines such as interferon gamma (used for some mucocutaneous forms, including those caused by Leishmania braziliensis strains), oral antifungals such as ketoconazole, fluconazole, and itraconazole (which are well tolerated), and hipoxanthine (which inhibits purine anabolism and slows Leishmania proliferation).
They have been defined as drugs that replenish cellular constitutes, promote anabolism and the feedback system in cellular activities.
In differentiated cells, plastids can be involved in anabolism (chloroplasts) or in storing reserves in amyloplasts and elaioplasts (Wheatley, 1977).
Irritability," he said, "can be traced to a couple of characters in our nervous system by the names of Anabolism and Catabolism.
It also explains the mechanism by which you become afflicted with this syndrome: you age so quickly (insufficient anabolism with heightened catabolism promoting excessive carbohydrate creation without even eating sugar).