anaerobic glycolysis


Also found in: Medical.

anaerobic glycolysis

[¦an·ə¦rōb·ik glī′käl·ə·səs]
(biochemistry)
A metabolic pathway in plants by which, in the absence of oxygen, hexose is broken down to lactic acid and ethanol with some adenosinetriphosphate synthesis.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, livestock consume energy via anaerobic glycolysis under stressful conditions, resulting in increased blood lactate level (Warriss, 2010; Foury et al.
To survive and keep producing energy, these cells must switch over to anaerobic glycolysis alone as the source of their energy.
The photic and electromagnetic inductin of membrane sodium potassium ATPase inhibition related ATP synthesis still serves as a major source of cellular energetics despite the presence of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and anaerobic glycolysis.
5] This phenomenon of oncogenic aerobic glycolysis (as opposed to normal anaerobic glycolysis that takes place in the absence of sufficient oxygen) was first described by Warburg and is pathognomonic in clear-cell RCC for several reasons.
This finding is of interest as exercise physiologists and clinicians studying PVD commonly believe that anaerobic glycolysis and the resultant increase in lactate concentrations in the ischaemic muscles and blood explains why these patients develop the pain of intermittent claudication and why their exercise tolerance is so impaired.
UCP1 ultimately results in the dissipation of heat by uncoupling oxidative respiration from the production of adenosine triphosphate, resulting in a compensatory increase in glucose metabolism by anaerobic glycolysis (1).
When run with the appropriate intensity, this distance is excellent for taxing anaerobic glycolysis.
Significant increases in lactate, a marker of anaerobic glycolysis, and lipids, a marker of oxidative stress, on magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) may be the earliest signs of HIV-related impairment in the brain, with important implications for treatment, said Dr.
In most groups of animals, sudden onset, high power requirements are largely met by anaerobic glycolysis and the depletion of high-energy phosphate storage compounds such as arginine phosphate or creative phosphate (McArdle et al.
Phasic contractions are primarily supported by generation of ATP from arginine phosphate through the arginine kinase reaction, with only 30% of the ATP used during exhaustive escape responses arising from anaerobic glycolysis and octopine generation (de Zwaan et al.
High-intensity exercise of a short duration requires anaerobic sources of ATP: Phosphocreatine, as with all-out, 100-meter sprints (exercise under 30 seconds); and anaerobic glycolysis (the breakdown of glucose), which is the primary energy source for high-intensity exercise of one to three minutes (say, an 800-meter race).
including antioxidant activity, the promotion of oxidative metabolism by inhibition of pyruvate for anaerobic glycolysis, and the inhibition of arachidonic acid-derived prostaglandins (Integr.