anarcho-syndicalism


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anarcho-syndicalism

a revolutionary movement derived, in part, from the teachings of Proudhon and MARX, and most usually associated with the doctrines of Guillaume and SOREL. The movement emerged in France in the 1890s and thereafter spread to Italy, Spain and Latin America. Anarcho-syndicalists were committed to the overthrow of capitalism by means of a workers’ revolution. Their doctrines were based on a radical rejection of all political roads to socialism, and indeed of all POLITICAL PARTIES, power and planning both before and after the revolution. Such ‘politics’ was associated with compromise which weakened the revolutionary will of the workers. It was also associated with hierarchical party and state organization, and thus with inequalities of power and domination, which would – unless politics was repudiated – persist after the revolution and convert the DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT into a dictatorship over the proletariat by party hierarchs and state functionaries. Accordingly, the anarcho-syndicalist ideal lay in a producer-centred revolution: a revolution carried out at the point of production by a loose federation of decentralized, free, autonomous workers’ organizations which is based on a rejection of hierarchy and domination and achieved through the medium of the general strike. This would sweep away capitalist society and the state and replace them with free, autonomous, self-governing workers’ associations which would administer production and society without recourse to hierarchical organization and domination. Although anarcho-syndicalism made some impact in France, Italy and Spain, its influence was short-lived and never widespread, especially since mainstream MARXISM regarded it as a PETTY BOURGEOIS deviation which distracted the working class from its principal task of building a revolutionary party
References in periodicals archive ?
Porton begins chapter three with a synopsis of the changes that radical theories about work have undergone from anarcho-syndicalism to post industrial ideologies.
The first point to re-emphasise about the Mondragon model is that it developed within a particular cultural relation, a relation wherein an institution which is the carrier of a deeply entrenched interpretive mission fuses with a distinctive population base, one marked by the distinctive Basque ethnicity and ties to both Catholicism and anarcho-syndicalism.
47) Salvatore Salerno points out that Tie Vapauteen "carried on an active propaganda in support of anarcho-syndicalism .
But one of the most interesting aspects of this was that many of the same people who were making these arguments were also talking about the need to go back to the original inspirations of New Labour--the early radicalism, idealism and optimism--the influence of guild socialism, the New Left and the co-operative movement, even (by some accounts) anarcho-syndicalism.
Lane: The Penguin Press, 1972); Rudolf Rocker, Anarchism and Anarcho-syndicalism (London: Freedom Press, 1973); Paul & Percival Goodman, Communitas: Means of Livelihood and Ways of Life (New York: Vintage Books, 1960); Colin Ward, Anarchy in Action (New York: Harper & Row, 1973); Bookchin, Post-scarcity Anarchism.
Specific chapters explore methodologies of insurrection in art history, participant observation, postanarchism, social ecology, anarchist anthropology, genders and sexualities, literature under the anarchist lens, race as a factor in anarchist research and organizing, Spanish-speaking anarcho-syndicalism, anarchism in the People's Republic of China, and more.
An unfaltering activist of anarcho-syndicalism, (2) Parsons revealed that her beliefs stemmed from the unequal power relations between government and the people.
2) Anarcho-syndicalism focuses on the labor movement and views labor unions as a feasible way to achieve revolutionary social change.
The author describes how, in subsequent years, many Anarchists threw their energies into unions and Anarcho-Syndicalism, and made tangible gains.
By the time the migrants arrived in Australia they were highly politically literate, and had been exposed to anarchism, anarcho-syndicalism, socialism and a variety of millenarian social protest movements.
Women's exclusion from decision-making power became entrenched as anarcho-syndicalism gained popularity, and emphasised (masculine) industrial unions as the organising unit for revolution.
A commitment and understanding of anarcho-syndicalism initially directed the men towards trade unions.