suppressed cell survival and induced apoptosis in human breast cancer cells independent of estrogen receptor status.
induces apoptotic cell death accompanies by reactive oxygen species production and DNA fragmentation in Aspergillus fumigatus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Table (6) show that treatments of vitamin C gave the highest percentages of camphor and [beta]-fenchyl alcohol, as well as, treatments of vitamin C + salycilic acid gave the highest percentage of anethole
In addition to these activities, one can consider that anethole
, with a molecular structure very similar to estragole, has been documented to have procicatrizing activity (36).
Guarana Long used as an aphrodisiac in Brazil, this has similar properties to caffeine and contains the oestrogen-like substance, anethole
Selected substrates undergo oxidative dehydrogenation, as exemplified by the formation of anethole
radical cation from ppropylanisole.
There is estragole in tarragon, eugenal in cloves, cinnamaldehyde in cinnamon, myristicin in nutmeg and anethole
The most important of these compounds are: Anethole
, Fenchone, Estragole and methychavicol.
In fennel, the levels of essential oils, fatty acids, sesquiterpenes, coumarins, triterpenoids, tannins, flavonoids, anethole
and limonene (Singh et al.
Another essential oil, useful in the food industry, is steam distilled from the leaves of the aniseed myrtle (Backhousia anisata, now known as Anethole
anisata) which is indigenous to the subtropical rainforest of the Bellingen and Nambucca rivers in northern NSW.
The essence or volatile oil of the Fennel is a yellow liquid which is made by distillation of its fruit by steam, the most important components of which are Anethole
, Fenchone, Esteragole, alkalis .
The key aromatic compound in star anise anethole
has demonstrated both anti and pro-cancerous effects depending on the estrogen receptor statuses in individual cell lines.