animal-rights movement


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animal-rights movement,

diverse individuals and groups concerned with protecting animals from perceived abuse or misuse. Supporters are specifically concerned with the use of animals for medical and cosmetics testing, the killing of animals for furs, hunting for pleasure, and the raising of livestock in restrictive or inhumane quarters, so-called factory farming. Concern for inhumane treatment of animals has led many supporters of the movement to advocate vegetarianism. Although the movement can trace its roots to the antivivisection campaigns (see vivisectionvivisection
, dissection of living animals for experimental purposes. The use of the term in recent years has been expanded to include all experimentation on living animals, rather than just dissection alone.
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) of the 19th cent., the modern movement is closely tied to environmental issues. In the early 1970s, environmental activist organizations, such as GreenpeaceGreenpeace,
international organization that promotes environmental awareness and addresses environmental abuse through direct, nonviolent confrontations with governments and companies. Founded in 1971 to oppose U.S.
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, began protesting against the annual slaughter of Canadian fur seals and against commercial whalingwhaling,
the hunting of whales for the oil that can be rendered from their flesh, for meat, and for baleen (whalebone). Historically, whale oil was economically the most important. Early Whaling

Whaling for subsistence dates to prehistoric times.
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. The movement gained support in the 1980s with increasing opposition to the commercial fur industry and objections to the indiscriminate or routine use of laboratory animals in research and testing. By the 1990s, membership in major national animal-rights organizations, such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, had grown dramatically. Animal-rights campaigns have been responsible in large part for substantial tightening of regulation in the use of animals for research.

Bibliography

See P. Singer, Animal Liberation (1975); T. Reagan, The Case for Animal Rights (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
The second is Rights for Animals, from the 1990s, representing the transnational animal-rights movement in Finland.
There were at least two members of the animal-rights movement on the task force that really persuaded the others to include a lot more than they would have," said Eugene Scoles, a Eugene resident and fancier of German shorthair pointers.
Tom Regan, the foremost intellectual leader of the animal-rights movement and author of The Case for Animal Rights, notes that animals "have beliefs and desires; perception, memory, and a sense of the future, including their own future; preference and welfare interests; the ability to initiate action in pursuit of their desires and goals; a psychophysical identity over time; and an individual welfare in the sense that their experiential life fares well or ill for them, logically independent of their utility for others and logically independent of their being the object of anyone else's interests.
And the small group of twenty- to thirtysomething women have brought burlesque to the animal-rights movement with the explicit goal of promoting diets bereft of juicy steaks, fat cheeseburgers and barbecued ribs.
I was jailed on May 14 for refusing to answer a Federal grand jury's questions about my research on the animal-rights movement.
This latest ALF act again illustrates the fanatic nature of the animal-rights movement in this country," said Rid Story, WLFA vice president.
This unrealistic idealism, also espoused by some extremists in the Los Angeles animal-rights movement, produced the misguided animal legislation by Tom Hayden which is causing local shelters to be packed with dogs often as vicious as those which attacked Diane Whipple.
Francis, patron of the lesser creatures, unsuspecting merchants at about a dozen Chinese stores around town and the customs of many centuries have run headlong into the well-intentioned urban guerrillas of the animal-rights movement.
In an another article on growing animal rights awareness in Pakistan Anees Jillani, a lawyer at the Pakistan Supreme Court, makes a candid assessment of the state of Animal-Rights movements in Pakistan in comparison to its neighbors.
Thus, most of my writings for Bowhunter have centered on whitetails as well as the anti-hunting and animal-rights movements.
The law's introduction represents the end of a lengthy battle for some animal-rights movements.