animated cartoon


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

animated cartoon:

see Nontheatrical Film under motion picturesmotion pictures,
movie-making as an art and an industry, including its production techniques, its creative artists, and the distribution and exhibition of its products (see also motion picture photography; Motion Picture Cameras under camera).
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Cartoon, Animated

 

a genre of cinematic art in which films are created by photographing the successive phases of the movement of drawn objects (graphic animation) or three-dimensional objects (three-dimensional animation). Animation is not concerned with reproducing reality on film; inherent to animation are fantasy and artistic invention. For this reason, it is sometimes compared to the representational arts or is regarded as an independent art form that uses cinematographic techniques.

Graphic animation, a special, artistically conventional method of animation, has its own expressive techniques of representing imaginary events and actions. Three-dimensional animation, which is not as versatile as graphic animation in the depiction of action, is distinguished by greater detail in the visual representation of the dramatis personae. Folklore, satire, and parable, which demand stylization and exceptional clarity of expressive techniques, are particularly suited to animation.

The founder of graphic animation was the artist and caricaturist E. Cohl (France, 1908). However, even before the invention of motion pictures, attempts were made to create comic graphic strips that were shown using apparatus whose operation differed from that of the motion-picture projector (for example, E. Reynaud’s Théâtre Optique, 1892). In Russia, the first three-dimensional animated films were made between 1911 and 1913 by the director V. A. Starevich. In the 1920’s, experimental abstract animated films were created in Western Europe. During the same years, animated cartoons based on comic-strip characters were made in the USA, where animated-film techniques (including the production of color films) were developed. The work of the American director W. Disney exerted a great influence on the development of animated cartoons in the 1930’s and 1940’s. Important advances in animation have been achieved in the socialist countries, including Czechoslovakia (the animated films of J. Trnka, H. Tyrlová, and others), Poland (V. Giersz, J. Lenica), Rumania (I. Popescu-Gopo), Bulgaria (T. Dinov), and Yugoslavia (the Zagreb school, including the directors D. Vukotic and V. Mimica).

The first animation workshops in Soviet film studios appeared in the mid-1920’s. Soviet animators established animation as a politically active art that possessed great educational possibilities and that was founded on high-quality graphic art. Soviet animated films of the 1920’s through 1950’s achieved particular success in the realm of children’s films, such as those by I. P. Ivanov-Vano, M. M. Tsekhanovskii, M. S. Pashchenko, A. L. Ptushko, L. K. Atamanov, L. A. Amal’rik, V. S. Brumberg, and Z. S. Brumberg. Since the mid-1950’s, production of animated films for adults at Soviet film studios has increased and the range of subjects, genres, and graphic techniques has broadened. Directors of animated films of artistic merit have included F. S. Khitruk, S. I. Iutkevich, A. G. Karanovich, A. Iu. Khrzhanovskii, B. P. Stepantsev, R. A. Kachanov, V. V. Bakhtadze, and E. A. Tuganov.

In the USSR, animated films are made at the Soiuzmul’tfil’m Studio in Moscow (founded 1936) and at film studios in several Union republics.

REFERENCES

Ginzburg, S. Risovannyi i kukol’nyi fil’m. Moscow, 1957.
Elizarov, G. K.Sovetskaia mul’tiplikatsiia: Spravochnik. Moscow, 1966.
Sadoul, G. Vseobshchaia istoriia kino, vols. 1–2, 6. Moscow, 1958–63. (Translated from French.)
Benayounk, R. Le Dessin animé après Walt Disney. [Paris] 1961.

V. A. KUZNETSOVA

animated cartoon

a film produced by photographing a series of gradually changing drawings, etc., which give the illusion of movement when the series is projected rapidly
www.cliphoto.com/disney.htm
www.artie.com
www.aaascreensavers.com/cartoonscreensavers.phtml
References in periodicals archive ?
So, let's say that the goal of your animated cartoon video is to recruit new online members and build your online list.
Last year he published an animated cartoon, Mel Brooks' The Passion, showing the Jewish comedian as a Christ figure with the crown of thorns spinning around his head.
As well as their anarchic fun, the show had some great animated cartoon fun with Arabian Knights, The Three Musketeers and The Hillbilly Bears.
1937: Walt Disney's Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs - the first full-length animated cartoon with colour and sound - was premiered in the USA.
The on-screen caption featured an animated cartoon of presenter Graham Norton, host of Over the Rainbow.
The Man of Steel made his screen debut in 1941, in Technicolor, in the first of Max Fleischer's celebrated series of animated cartoon shorts.
Lacking actual case law supporting her legal theory, she cited the animated cartoon "South Park" as proof that feces is a common means of expressing disdain.
Legend of the Dragon collects the first four episodes of the martial arts, animated cartoon series that originally debuted on Disney/Jetix.
Four lovable animated cartoon characters - Combat, Missy, Karate and Princess Fairy teach kids six and older about the importance of hand hygiene in a fun and entertaining way.
KIA beat off the competition to pick up gold at this year's Point of Purchase Awards for the Korean company's point-of-sale dealer merchandise based on an animated cartoon family.
The Simpsons animated cartoon was introduced on Fox TV.
Rendered as an animated cartoon replete with clouds, rainbows, and pyramids, as well as extruded and metal structures, the twenty-six-frame sequence takes us on a journey through the brief history of the group's investigations into Pop images as well as the formal and typological transformation of monumental and technomorphic architecture.