anti-Vietnam War movement

anti–Vietnam War movement,

domestic and international reaction (1965–73) in opposition to U.S. policy during the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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. During the four years following passage of the Tonkin Gulf resolutionTonkin Gulf resolution,
in U.S. history, Congressional resolution passed in 1964 that authorized military action in Southeast Asia. On Aug. 4, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin were alleged to have attacked without provocation U.S.
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 (Aug., 1964), which authorized U.S. military action in Southeast Asia, the American air war intensified and troop levels climbed to over 500,000. Opposition to the war grew as television and press coverage graphically showed the suffering of both civilians and conscripts. In 1965 demonstrations in New York City attracted 25,000 marchers; within two years similar demonstrations drew several hundred thousand participants in Washington, D.C., London, and other European capitals. Most of the demonstrations were peaceful, though acts of civil disobedience—intended to provoke arrest—were common. Much of the impetus for the antiwar protests came from college students. Objections to the military draft led some protesters to burn their draft cards and to refuse to obey induction notices. By 1967 the Students for a Democratic SocietyStudents for a Democratic Society
(SDS), in U.S. history, a radical student organization of the 1960s. In the influential Port Huron (Mich.) Statement (1962), the organization, founded in 1960, presented its vision for post–Vietnam War America and called for students to
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 (SDS) invoked the language of revolution in its denunciations of the war in Vietnam as an inevitable consequence of American imperialism. There was also a more moderate opposition to the war from clergy, elected politicians, and people such as Dr. Benjamin Spock. In 1968, President Johnson, who was challenged by two antiwar candidates within his own party for the presidential nomination, Senators Eugene McCarthy and Robert Kennedy, chose not to run. The election of Richard Nixon in 1968 and his reduction in U.S. ground forces did little to dampen the antiwar movement. His decision to invade Cambodia in 1970 led to massive demonstrations on college campuses, most tragically at Kent State Univ.Kent State University,
mainly at Kent, Ohio; coeducational; founded 1910 as a normal school, became Kent State College in 1929, gained university status in 1935. The university's academic programs and research facilities include the Center for Applied Conflict Management, the
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 where four people were killed by members of the Ohio National Guard. The legacy and meaning of the massive protests against the Vietnam War are still debated.


See T. Gitlin, The Sixties (1989); M. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945–1990 (1991); A. Garfinkle, Telltale Hearts (1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
One positive legacy of the anti-Vietnam war movement was the so-called Vietnam syndrome, meaning the public was more skeptical than it had been previously of calls for war and military intervention by the President.
Some of the showtunes were later adopted by the anti-Vietnam war movement.
In Radicals on the Road, Judy Tzu-Chun Wu examines the American anti-Vietnam War movement through the lens of gender analysis and with a focus on activists' efforts at international cooperation.
Themes include feminism, love, relationships, teaching college, nature, psychotherapy, travel, the anti-Vietnam War movement, family, the life of an artist/entertainer/writer, and music.
He earned a Silver Star, a Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts for his service and wounds, but returned home to become a leader in the anti-Vietnam war movement.
ACCORDING to evidence the FBI watched the late Beatles legend for years over fears of his influence over the anti-Vietnam war movement.
The record enraged hippies and the anti-Vietnam war movement, while it cemented Haggard's position in mainstream, conservative mid-western country circles.
Fenton got his start in communications as part of the anti-Vietnam war movement of the 60s.
The final chapter traces the transformation of the ban-the-bomb movement into the anti-Vietnam War movement.
1960s anti-Vietnam War movement, played his first concert in Viet m in April 2011?
The Japanese-born artist believes Lennon, who became a symbol of the anti-Vietnam war movement, would still be politically active were he alive today, but that after his death it was up to her to carry on his message of peace.
From President LBJ's refusal raise taxes to support the military effort (notoriously trying to have "both guns and butter"), to a warning that insufficient air power is just as costly if not more so than the expense of building bomber planes, to the crucial importance of ending wars as quickly as possible rather than let them drag out and become increasingly unpopular, to a sharp criticism of the anti-Vietnam War movement in America, Lessons from the Vietnam War is a step-by-step critique of America's mistakes revealing what the nation's government might have done differently to win.