Anticonvulsant


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Related to Anticonvulsant: Anticonvulsant Drugs

anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jones and his associates studied 82 children aged 4-14 years whose mothers were taking anticonvulsant monotherapy and contacted the California Teratogen Information Service (CTIS) during their pregnancies.
Niebyl said it's becoming clear that it's desirable to wean women planning a pregnancy from their anticonvulsant medications if possible.
Keywords: American skullcap; Scutellaria lateriflora; Flavonoids; Phenylethanoid glycosides; Anticonvulsant activity; HPLC
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They addressed these issues by conducting a cohort study using a database that included 297,620 new prescriptions for anticonvulsant drugs in 17 states between 2001 and 2006.
Comment: It has been suggested that ketosis alone cannot explain the anticonvulsant effect of the ketogenic diet, and that regulation of blood glucose may be at least partly responsible for the benefits.
There are no credible evidence of anticonvulsant effect of this plant in bibliographic resources and databases, so methanolic extracts of papaver somniferum on generalized tonic seizures and clonic seizures induced by picrotoxin in mice has been studied.
And two of the drugs in combination, the anticonvulsant zonisamide and the glucocorticoid methylprednisolone, showed comparable hearing protection at much lower doses than when administered alone.
Among the group who had continued to take the same anticonvulsant drugs throughout their pregnancies, 18 babies had serious abnormalities.
5 mg ql2h po) and the anticonvulsant carbamazepine (200 mg q12h po).