Anticonvulsant

(redirected from anticonvulsive)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to anticonvulsive: Convulsions

anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
In humans, levetiracetam has shown to have marginal interaction with the PKs of other anticonvulsive drugs.
The anticonvulsive action, achieved after Lorazepam spray administration, was practically on par with effect of the same drug dose, delivered via injection.
Nasal midazolam as a novel anticonvulsive treatment against orgallophosphate-induced seizure activity in the guinea pig.
The antibacterial effects survey [17,1], the study of petals essence constitutive components (Ghassemi, 2003), the study of pyrrolizidine alkaloids [18] and phenolic ingredients [19], the study of anti-nervousness effects [27], the study of narcotic [14] and anticonvulsive effects [15], on animals and the antioxidant effects survey [29], treatment of mild to moderate major depressive disorder [7,35], treatment of mild to moderate obsessive-compulsive disorder [36] and psychopathy cure on human patients [35,36] can be implied.
37) Similarly, the anticonvulsive diazepam requires metabolic oxidation to its active form, oxepam, and deuteration therefore inhibits the anticonvulsive activity observed from administration of diazepam by preventing the production of the pharmaceutically active species.
The patient remained in a nonconvulsive status epilepticus despite combination anticonvulsive therapy.
School of Medicine) charts drugs approved in the US for this alternating mania/depression disorder, the outcomes of controlled clinical trials, and the emerging primary/adjunctive roles of newer antipsychotic and anticonvulsive drugs.
But some recent reports have suggested that intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) might improve the odds for patients with the rare, rapidly progressive response to sulfonamides, anticonvulsive agents, and other medications (Arch.
Divalproex sodium (Depakote), an anticonvulsive with a low side-effect profile, may be a good alternative to antipsychotics and benzodiazepenes for the maintenance treatment of dementia-associated agitation and aggression, said Dr.
Effects of anticonvulsive drugs on the activity of gamma-glutamyltransferase and aminotransferases in serum.
sometimes in conjunction with anticonvulsive medications (medications to control seizures).