Anticonvulsant

(redirected from anticonvulsive)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to anticonvulsive: Convulsions

anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Children with epilepsy after withdrawal of anticonvulsive therapy: psychiatric behaviour and neuropsychological abilities.
However, more research is needed towards better understanding the role of somatic factors that might trigger the psychoses and the efficacy (acute phase and prophylaxis) of neuroleptics agents, benzodiazepines, anticonvulsive agents and electroconvulsive therapy (3).
Key words: seizure disorders, anticonvulsive, levetiracetam, pharmacokinetics, plasma concentrations, avian, Hispaniolan Amazon parrot, Amazona ventralis
Anxiolytic and anticonvulsive activity of Sesbania grundiflora leaves in experimental animals, Phytother Res, 16(5): 455-60.
Retigabine, which has recently been approved as an anticonvulsive, normalized this activity; so now we can formally go from the dish to the patient and actually explore whether the drug might have any beneficial effect.
VPA is a branchedchain fatty acid with anticonvulsive action due to the combined pharmacological effect of increased y-amino-butyric acid (GABA) levels inhibiting N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and a blockade of neuronal sodium channels.
The substituted 1,3,4-Oxadiazoles exhibit remarkable anti-depressive, anticonvulsive, anti- inflammatory, anti-mitotic, hypoglycemic, antifungal, antimicrobial, analgesic, herbicidal, insecticidal and anticancer activities [5-9].
Lamotrigine an anticonvulsive medication and also a commonly used mood stabiliser can be associated with this adverse reaction.
These findings demonstrate that in addition to its anticonvulsive effects on pre-synaptic Y2 receptors, NPY contributes to the oxidant-antioxidant balance [9, 28, 29].
During a seizure, resist the impulse to administer anticonvulsive drugs, including intravenous (IV) magnesium sulfate, because most eclamptic convulsions are self-limiting.
If these measures are not successful, cats with FHS may benefit from anticonvulsive and/or antidepressant drug therapy, although the response to these drugs is variable and may take some time to assess.
An extensive search of the scientific data bank SciFinder[R] revealed recent results concerning the phytochemistry and possible anticonvulsive actions of the plants.