Anticonvulsant

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anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
The precise mechanism by which FYCOMPA exerts its antiepileptic effects in humans has not been fully elucidated.
6& of whom had used antiepileptic drugs in the 6 months prior to conception.
Two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies are designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of brivaracetam (5, 20 and 50 mg/day or 20, 50 and 100 mg/day) over 12 weeks in patients with partial onset epilepsy, not fully controlled despite treatment with one or two other antiepileptic drugs.
Therefore, in addition to being classified as antiepileptic drugs, they are now also classified (along with lithium) as mood stabilizers or thymoleptics.
In addition to the ongoing adult adjunct study, Sunovion is also conducting two double-blind, randomized, multicenter, 18-week, historical control studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of ESL monotherapy in adult subjects (16 years) with partial-onset seizures not well-controlled by their current antiepileptic drugs (AEDs).
Anil Raghavan, Chief Executive Officer of SPARC adds, Levetiracetam is a very successful and highly effective antiepileptic drug but more than 80% of epilepsy patients require Levetiracetam in does in range of 1000mg to 3000mg resulting in a significant pill burden.
for Eisai's antiepileptic agent BANZEL (generic name: rufinamide), which was approved in November 2008 for the adjunctive treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) in children four years older and adults.
The children in this study will use the eTNS therapy each night at home while remaining on their antiepileptic medications.
Updated ILAE evidence review of antiepileptic drug efficacy and effectiveness as initial monotherapy for epileptic seizures and syndromes.
The FDA cited data from the Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs study, published in March 2013, which found that at age 6, children whose mothers had taken valproate products while pregnant had lower IQs, compared with those whose mothers took other antiepileptic drugs.
The aim was to systematically explore antiepileptic remedies, identify the plant species, compile them and discuss what is known about their potential effectiveness.
The cognition data come from the NEAD (Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs) study, a prospective observational study that enrolled pregnant women who were using any of several antiepileptic-drug monotherapies from October 1999 through February 2004 in 25 epilepsy centers in the United States and the United Kingdom.