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Philosophy contradiction existing between two apparently indubitable propositions; paradox



a contradiction between two positions, each of which is equally demonstrable by logic.

The term “antinomy” was introduced in 1613 by the German philosopher R. Goclenius, although the contradictory character of thinking had already been discovered in ancient philosophy. I. Kant, the founder of German classical philosophy, was the first to demonstrate that antinomies necessarily arose from the characteristics of the cognition process, especially from the continual attempts of reason to go beyond the bounds of experience, to arrive at the knowledge of the “thing in itself.” And insofar as this is impossible, according to Kant, every such departure leads to an antinomy. In the Kantian doctrine concerning antinomies, a profound thought was expressed about the contradictory nature of the cognitive process, the dependence of the results of cognition on the existing forms of cognitive activity, and, at the same time, the limitless quality of cognition itself. This thought, however, was undermined by the agnosticism which was characteristic of Kant and by his denial of the contradictory nature of reality itself.

Dialectical materialism makes a distinction between antinomies which are the logical reflection of contradictions in reality itself (for example, the contradiction between the wave and the particle characteristics of the electron) and antinomic opinions—paradoxes brought forth by the specific level in the development of knowledge, especially by contradictions in the system of assumptions. Solving paradoxes is one of the principal sources in the development of cognition. For example, the theory of relativity arose as a result of the solution of certain antinomical points of departure in classical physics. But on the whole the concept of antinomy has no independent meaning in dialectical materialism, since it is subordinate to the category of contradiction.


Asmus, V. F. Filosofiia I. Kanta. Moscow, 1957.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Peruvian government said that it had assumed "that the antinomies were now a thing of the past or problems to be overcome civilly in the international courts.
In the sixteen essays presented in the book excluding preface and notes, Achebe chronicles his experience of the world within and outside Ogidi, his native village in Eastern Nigeria; the antinomies of being British-protected and educated; the need for Nigeria to rise from her development ashes like the phoenix; the imperatives of restoring African heritage; the urgency to revamp Nigeria through the agency of "university leadership"; and the discontents of "resource curse" hypothesis.
THE ORGANIC AND THE GEOMETRIC, the corporeal and the mechanical, the biomorphic and the technical: At first glance, Nairy Baghramian's sculpture appears firmly grounded in these antinomies, inevitably recalling the decisive role played by such dualisms in the history of post-Minimalism and Arte Povera.
From these antinomies Kant then drew his most controversial conclusion: Not only has reason reached its limits (a conclusion Pascal would have applauded), but, more crucially, space and time, while "empirically real," are what he called "transcendentally ideal," that is, they are "categories of understanding" that the human mind imposes on the sense data.
Linda Arbuckle, Clary Illian, Doug Hanson and Chuck Hindes, whose ceramic works were recently on view at the Akar Gallery in Iowa City, Iowa US, can perhaps help us to consider the antinomies raised by such questions.
Fichte recognizes that transcendental inquiry necessarily produces contradictions and antinomies that threaten to bring philosophizing to a stand- still.
He covers from the ethics of ambiguity to the dialectics of virtue; the long farewell to subject-centered rationality; theoretical crisis, dialogue, and the stoicism of the transcendental singular; notes of Bachelard and Merleau-Ponty falling between phenomenology and poetics; the question of community in Lefort; and beyond the antinomies of expression in writing after Merleau-Ponty.
This self-construction can be detected in a characteristic plot structure that also features her unpacking antinomies.
670 (1987-88) [hereinafter Alfieri, Antinomies of Poverty Law]; see also
The 'battleground' is one in which the paradoxes and antinomies of law run across and through its elements.
Ortiz actively resists the expected and perhaps easy antinomies in favor of a more measured and provisional historical sensibility, one that seeks to widen the historical dialectic as it informs and creates Latin America identity.
Bush is a narrative in which contradictions, antinomies, and paradoxes abound.