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see tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
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a grammatical tense characteristic of several languages (Greek, Old Indo-European, Old Slavic, Old Russian, and others).

The aorist designates a completed action in the past—for example, the Old Slavic polozhikh b (I placed), as compared with the past imperfect tense, polagaakh b (I was placing). Inasmuch as the aorist expresses completed action, in those languages which have grammatical aspect it is most often formed from the verb stems of the perfective aspect. Aorists based on stems of the imperfective aspect designate a prolonged action. It is supposed that the meaning of the aorist as a past tense developed relatively late in the Indo-European languages and that originally the aorist form expressed an aspect designating in this instance a non-prolonged or instantaneous action regardless of tense. The term “aorist” is also used in certain languages to designate an aspect form which simply states an action without providing any indication of its length in time. For example, in aboriginal languages the aorist designates an action in process without any indication of the time of its completion.

References in periodicals archive ?
To this, one would reply that the aorist egethese does mean 'become happy.
A priori, then, it seems plausible to see a relationship between the semantics of the aorist and of the perfect.
In wenigen Fallen wird die ubersetzung einer Erzahlung aus dem Griechischen lediglich mit Renarrativformen eingeleitet, und unmittelbar danach mit indikativischen Prateritalformen, also Aorist und Imperfekt, fortgesetzt, oder es kommt zu Schwankungen, so dass die verschiedenen Modi abwechselnd gebraucht werden, was ein fortgescrittenes Stadium auf dem Wege zur vollstandigen Herausbildung des Renarrativs darstellt, vgl.
Thus, although the distinction between present and aorist participles in Greek is relevant to the study of imperfective aspect, said forms are atemporal, resulting in more subjectivity in distinguishing between past imperfective and present (the context usually makes the temporal sphere clear, but a greater degree of subjectivity on the part of the reader/translator is nonetheless introduced).
As explained above, the aspectual opposition between the Greek aorist and the imperfect was neutralized in the case of verbs introducing direct speech, and therefore, these verbs are not good objects for the study of aspectual correspondences between Greek and Syriac.
In his discussion of the relationship between the aorist and the present imperative Baum is able to show that in the latter parts of the Rigveda (the Tenth Mandala) the aorist imperative underwent a reduction in usage indicative of a moribund category.
That is, the aorist is a general past tense, possibly including the day on which a speaker utters the utterance in question, the imperfect refers to a past act carried out at a time excluding this day, and the perfect is a re-portative tense which has the same time reference but excludes a speaker's directly witnessing the act he or she is reporting.
Moreover, perfect and aorist forms alternate in certain places.
The first, which Insler could not possibly have foreseen in 1972, is that Narten aorists--root aorists with *e: *e ablaut--seem not to have existed as a formal category in PIE.
Although the first elements of trasadasyu-, ksayadvira-type Rektionskomposita most often pattern with Class I thematic present stems or Class 10 -aya- presents, there are a number of formations where the correspondence is with an aorist stem (thematic aorist or subjunctive of a root aorist), (22) e.
According to Paninian grammar, the imperfect (LAN) would place the action referred to in the more remote past, whereas the aorist (LUN) refers to a recent past (Astadhyayi 3.
The Tocharian Active s-preterite: A Classical Sigmatic Aorist.