Apiary

(redirected from apiarists)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to apiarists: Honey bees

apiary

[′a·pē‚er·ē]
(agriculture)
A place where bees are kept, especially for breeding and honey making.

Apiary

 

the production unit of a bee farm. It consists of an apicultural farmstead, with beehives, apicultural structures (winter hive, honey house, apicultural workshop, collapsible portable huts, sheds for an observation hive and reserve hives, etc.), and various beekeeping equipment. Large bee farms and specialized commercial farms have several apiaries.

Apiaries are located near masses of melliferous plants in dry places that are protected from the wind by trees and shrubs. Apiaries may be permanent or mobile. Permanent apiaries are usually constructed in areas that have much melliferous vegetation and that are not easily accessible (mountainous and mountain-taiga regions). Mobile apiaries are used not only for nearby melliferous areas but are transported to distant tracts of melliferous blossoms for supplementary nectar gathering and for crop pollination.

Specialization in apiculture has determined the various commercial uses of apiaries. The most common specialization is the production of commercial honey. Such apiaries are usually located on lands that are rich in natural nectar bearers (in the USSR in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East). The best of these apiaries yield 100–180 kg of honey per hive. Pollination apiaries are set up in regions with developed horticulture and seed culture of field and vegetable crops, for hothouse and cold-frame crops, and on fruit and berry farms for crop pollination both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Bee-rearing and queen-rearing apiaries are concerned with the propagation of bees and rearing of queens for sale to commercial honey, pollination, and multipurpose (combining the functions of the aforementioned types of apiaries) bee farms. Some multipurpose apiaries produce medicinal products, such as vitaminized and therapeutic honey, obtained by feeding the bees concentrated sugar syrup with the juices of fruits, vegetables, and medicinal herbs. They also sell propolis, bee toxin, royal jelly, and flower pollen. Experimental apiaries are set up to carry out research and to disseminate the achievements of apiculture and the most advanced techniques.

The largest apiaries in the world, numbering hundreds and thousands of bee colonies, are concentrated in the USSR, USA, Canada, and Australia. In the European countries (such as Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, Federal Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, and Poland), small hobbyist apiaries predominate.

REFERENCES

Tiunin, F. A., and L. I. Perepelova. Rabota na paseke. Moscow, 1957.
Kovalev, A. M. Ukhod za pchelami, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959.
Uchebnik pchelovoda, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1965.
Tsvetkov, I. P. Paseka pchelovoda-liubitelia. Moscow, 1968.

P. I. TIMENSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The active apiarist has been keeping three hives in the back garden of his fiancee's home for the past year, although it's not been without its problems.
I didn't realize he had given up his official day job to be a fulltime apiarist and consultant to a four-state area, helping other beekeepers maintain healthy colonies.
Rustaq is still known for beekeeping, but Faiqin, a small village 22 kilometres east of the historic town of Nizwa, has become the 'honey capital' of Oman with some 20 commercial apiarists.
But there are apiarists in all 50 States, including Alaska--some just have short harvest seasons.
Secondly, awareness raising and informative activities are planned for apiarists to remove conlicts with bears and promote dispersion of an electroconvulsive fence system for an examplary beehive which has been succeeded previously various places in Turkey.
Like many apiarists he has seen destruction slice through dozens of hives, with his bees fighting disease, harsh weather and starvation at his hives in Kenilworth and Stoneleigh.
St Ambroise is the patron saint of apiarists and protector of bees and the three-strong range (linden blossom, heather blossom and all-flower blossom) is actually brewed for the skin products company by Brasserie Bercloux, based 15 kilometres from Cognac.
apiarists fortify their hives against parasitic tracheal and Varroa mites.
So we must applaud the beekeepers of the world, and Jez in particular, as he's one of our nearest apiarists, albeit 'south of the border'.
Willie will never forget the mid-1980s, a time when many apiarists were forced out of business.