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An apostrophe is a punctuation mark that primarily serves to indicate either grammatical possession or the contraction of two words. It can also sometimes be used to pluralize irregular nouns, such as single letters, abbreviations, and single-digit numbers.
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see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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; abbreviationabbreviation,
in writing, arbitrary shortening of a word, usually by cutting off letters from the end, as in U.S. and Gen. (General). Contraction serves the same purpose but is understood strictly to be the shortening of a word by cutting out letters in the middle, the omission
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figure of speech in which an absent person, a personified inanimate being, or an abstraction is addressed as though present. The term is derived from a Greek word meaning "a turning away," and this sense is maintained when a narrative or dramatic thread is broken in order to digress by speaking directly to someone not there, e.g., "Envy, be silent and attend!"—Alexander Pope, "On a Certain Lady at Court."



comma written above the line, used in writing for various functions: (1) In French, Italian, English, and other languages the apostrophe is used to indicate the omission of a vowel (the French I’homme instead of le homme, the English “don’t” instead of “do not,” and so on).

(2) In the orthography of the Nenets language it is used to indicate glottal stops.

(3) The apostrophe is used in transcription to convey glottal stops (in Semitic and other languages), to indicate soft consonants, and so on.

(4) In Russian writing it is used in places where foreign languages use apostrophes in proper names (Jeanne d’Arc, O’Casey); in the 1920’s and 1930’s the apostrophe was also used in place of the “hard sign” Ъ (pod’ezd instead of podЪezd).



a word or group of words naming the person or object to which speech is addressed. Apostrophe may be used within or outside a sentence. It is not bound grammatically to the other parts of a sentence. Apostrophe is widely used in literary language to convey dialogue. For example:

(Famusov:) “Sergei Sergeich, can this be you!”

A. S. Griboedov, Woe From Wit

It is also used in the speech of the narrator to address an individual. For example:

“And you, exile,” I thought, “weep on your vast, free steppes.”

M. Iu. Lermontov, Bela

Or it may be used to address an inanimate object:

“Loosen up, shoulder! Swing, arm!

You, wind, blow in the face from afternoon on!”

A. V. Kol’tsov, “The Mower”


References in periodicals archive ?
And to the new recruits: Best of beginners' -- apostrophe -- luck.
muted kind of apostrophe that he uses in these first 17 lines.
St James's Hospital gets an apostrophe and an 's' because that is how it is pronounced.
Apostrophe Books has published Kain's title, The SAS Security Handbook, as an e-book and in paperback.
The star - and I use the term loosely - Luisa Zissman asked for help from her followers on Twitter over the correct use of an apostrophe for the branding of her fledgling bakery supplies business.
Quite what is confusing about an apostrophe was not obvious to residents, although the council has suggested that, when searching internet databases and co-ordinating responses to emergencies, "it's useful to have everyone spelling things in the same way.
Summary: The occasion of Mother's Day could rank among those issues that open the sluice gates of indignant letters to the broadsheets about the use and abuse of the humble apostrophe.
As ebook publishers, we're able to publish at a much lower cost and, therefore, risk," says Martyn Forrester, managing director, London-based Apostrophe Books Ltd.
Packaging Execution System (PES) technology provider Systech International announced on Wednesday that it has acquired SaaS and cloud services provider Apostrophe Systems LLC.
31 May 2012 a[euro]" US packaging execution system (PES) technology provider Systech International announced the acquisition of Apostrophe Systems LLC without disclosing financial terms.
A good example came yesterday when one of the favourites at Hereford, Terfel's Toscar, wasn't picked up as the apostrophe was missing on Betfair's website.
In direct response to Magwal, my first letter addressed the use of the possessive apostrophe.