Ventral tegmental area neurons in learned appetitive behavior
and positive reinforcement.
can become problematic, particularly if carried out in excess or if harmful or maladaptive consequences are probable.
When consequences for bullying are static and predictable, proactive aggressors can be expected to calculate in advance at which times and places and with which people the rewards for their appetitive behavior
will outweigh the potential consequences of getting caught (Woodworth & Porter, 2002).
, compulsivity, and neurochemistry in Prader-Willi syndrome.
Synergistic and Regulatory Effects of Orbitofrontal Cortex on Amygdala-Dependent Appetitive Behavior
Approach is an appetitive behavior
whereas grab, mount, and cloacal contact are consummatory behaviors (Domjan, 1994).
There is some experimental evidence suggesting that exposure to inescapable shock reduces normal appetitive behavior
, although this work examined nondeprived animals (Desan, Silbert, & Maier, 1988; Maier, Silbert, Woodmansee, & Desan, 1990).
1950) came to call appetitive behavior
and consummatory acts.