Approach designers don't toss in a 26-degree turn at the final approach fix
for no reason, nor do they allow another 16-degree turn from the final approach course to the runway--unless they have to.
Finally, note that an ADF is required for the ILS/LOC procedure, to identify the Broad River NDB, an intermediate/initial approach fix
and where you'll be holding if there's a crowd.
We have implemented our own target previously years back because we have a bottom half approach fix
the base and top takes care of itself.
According to the Terminal Instrument Procedures (TERPS) manual, initial approach fix
altitudes must provide 1000 feet of clearance within 4 miles of course and 500 feet of clearance for an additional 2 miles beyond the inner ring.
Objective: "According to ICAO Doc 9931, a Continuous Descent Operation is an operation, enabled by airspace design, procedure design and ATC facilitation, in which an arriving aircraft descends continuously, to the greatest extent possible, by employing minimum engine thrust, ideally in a low drag configuration, prior to the final approach fix
Once I'd oozed into position 15 feet from my final approach fix
, I still had to study the water for several minutes before acquiring a target.
This will be achieved by enabling aircraft to join the arrival sequence earlier and manage their speed better to arrive at their initial approach fix
at the optimum time for their destination airport in the London terminal manoeuvring area (TMA).
The crew declared an in-flight emergency with Air Traffic Control, coordinated to adjust gross weight by 20,000 pounds of fuel, and entered holding at Offutt AFB's Initial Approach Fix
to discuss landing and go-around considerations.
The FAA has said we may log an instrument approach if we are in actual or simulated conditions inside the final approach fix
There are at least two reasons not to load the VTF option: First, it's fair game for controllers to clear you direct to some fix other than the final approach fix
(FAF) after providing vectors to the approach.
ATC, to their credit, had us "execute an immediate right 360" while the oncoming airliner was directed to "maintain five thousand feet until the final approach fix
If the approach type downgrades past the final approach fix
, a "NO GP" message is annunciated.