63) This makes it improbable that the term arahant as part of a self-declaration of attainment could have served as a marker to inspire lay donors to give offerings.
Moreover, the masculine form arahant is also not applied in the Pali discourses or in the Vinaya to Sariputta, for example, the foremost disciple while the Buddha was alive.
Similarly, the mention in the text of two of the other most severe sins, that of killing arahants
or spilling the blood of a Buddha, does not presuppose contemporary belief in the current existence of arahants
or a Buddha.
The strongest evidence that certain acts are evaluated as kusala independently of vipaka is perhaps that the acts of arahants are said to be kusala, yet to issue in no vipaka; that, however, would seem to be a special case.
What we can be sure of is that the Nikayas posit a correlation, broken only by arahants, between certain kinds of action and certain kinds of event associated with the agent in a perhaps distant future.
He was an arahant
, fully awakened, accomplished in knowledge and conduct, a well-gone one, a knower of the world, an unsurpassable person, a charioteer of the path of Dharma, a teacher of devas and human beings, called a Buddha, a Blessed One, who had manifested in the world.
This vision fills him with such revulsion that, instead of disrobing, he eventually becomes an arahant
, after finding out that his wife has indeed passed away.
17) There are minor exceptions: a weak kamma may become inactive if its vipaka does not "come due" within a certain number of lifetimes (ahosikamma) (Bodhi, 1993 205), and when an arahant
dies, remaining unarisen vipaka can no longer affect him/her.
141), after mentioning that Gotami had already become an arahant
earlier, reports that the other five hundred nuns attained the six higher knowledges at the conclusion of Nandaka's exhortation, sesa pana pancasata bhikkhuniyo Nandakovada-pariyosane chalabhinna ahesum.
The parallel versions also affirm unanimously that a stream-enterer is incapable of committing any of the five heinous crimes, which are to kill one's mother, to kill one's father, to kill an arahant
, to create a schism, and to intentionally hurt a Buddha so as to cause his blood to flow.
The purity that results from the eradication of all unwholesome tendencies through full awakening will be the theme of the third article in this series, examining the six-fold purity of an arahant
described in the Chabbisodhana-sutta of the Majjhima-nikaya and its Madhyama-agama parallel.
The Chinese parallels SA 98 at T II 27b26, SA2 264 at T II 466c10 and SA3 1 at T II 493b8 agree with Sn 1:4, as they also report that he went forth and became an arahant