SOURCE POSSIBLE PATHOGENS Feces Clostridium difficile Cryptosporidium Hepatitis A virus Pseudomonas eriginosis Rotavirus Salmonella Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) Urine Adenoviruses Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Microsporidium Blood Hepatitis A (unusual) Hepatitis B Hepatitis C HIV Adult T-cell leukemia Arboviral
infections Brucellosis Babesiosis Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Lymphoma from HTLV-I and II Malaria Viral hemmoraghic fever Skin Fungi Lice Microbacterium fortuitum Scabies Staphylococcus Streptococcus Yeast
The CDC is closely monitoring West Nile virus reports from around the country," said Roger Nasci, Chief of CDC's Arboviral
She conducts surveillance and outbreak investigations for a broad range of arboviral
and tickborne diseases throughout Wisconsin.
Nasci is chief of the Arboviral
Diseases Branch in CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Division of Vector-Borne Diseases.
1) Laboratory diagnosis of arboviral
infections like Chikungunya is generally arrived at by testing serum or cerebrospinal fluid to detect virus-specific IgM and neutralizing antibodies.
Marc Fischer, of the CDC's Arboviral
Diseases Branch, said at the ACIP meeting.
The address though is a brief update on the extent of arboviral
problem in India, a focused and condensed version would have been better.
For rails, diagnostic tests included a complete blood count, plasma biochemical analysis, plasma protein electrophoresis0 genus-specific plasma enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) antigen, arboviral
serologic testing, culture for enteric pathogens (Salmonella and Campylobacter species) and Mycobacterium species, fecal examination for parasites, and genus-specific polymerase chain reaction assay for fecal MAC antigen.
RRV is the most common arboviral
infection in Australia--with 52,053 laboratory-diagnosed cases reported from when reporting began in 1992 until the end of 2003 (Communicable Diseases Network Australia 2004)--and is characterized by traditional rheumatic joint manifestations, rash and constitutional effects, and more recently described presentations including glomerulonephritis (Selden and Cameron 1996).
The region has also experienced large epidemics of arboviral
diseases, such as Rift Valley Fever, Dengue and Yellow Fever just to mention a few.
West Nile virus and other arboviral
diseases--United States, 2013.
Among the emerging infectious diseases, the arboviral
diseases group has particularly warrant attention in global health landscape with its potential for epidemics and its unprecedented spread (4,5).