Archaic(redirected from archaical)
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an early stage in the historical development of any kind of phenomenon.
The term “archaic” is used primarily in art scholarship to designate the early period of ancient Greek fine art (seventh-sixth centuries B.C.). It refers to the time of the formation of monumental pictorial and architectural forms. During the archaic period the Doric and Ionic architectural orders came into being. The principal types of monumental sculpture were statues of naked athletic youths (kouros) and draped maidens (kore). In vase painting, the black-figured style reached its high point in the middle and the third quarter of the sixth century B.C., and the red-figured style around 530 B.C. Greek archaic art managed to attain certain humanistic traits and still preserve the integrity characteristic of a very old culture.
REFERENCESIskusstvo stran i narodov mira, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962. Pages 553–60. (Encyclopedia.)
Vseobshchaia istoriia iskusstv, vol. 1. Moscow, 1956. Pages 161–80.