In 1916 the four-year-old Archduke Otto, now Crown Prince or Thronfblger of Austria-Hungary, made his first public appearance at Franz Joseph's funeral when he walked between his parents behind the massive 'Habsburg Death Carriage'.
One of his Hungarian tutors reported that the young Archduke was 'an industrious scholar, a young man of exceptional abilities, of vivacious intellect, who possessed for his age a remarkably sound judgement'.
The right-wing government repealed some of Renner's vicious laws against the Habsburgs and returned some of their stolen property and Otto's younger brother, Archduke Felix, was even allowed to attend Austria's military academy.
One distinguished American theologian recalls: 'In 2006, I spent a memorable evening discussing this unhappy situation with the Archduke Otto, at .
He credits Wilhelm's father, Archduke
Stefan, with a 'powerful political imagination' in the naming of his sons.
As far as possible, the extraordinarily rich collections of the Archdukes are recreated, including not only paintings and sculpture but also armour, musical instruments, maps and astrolabes.
The Archdukes also protected the English Catholic exiles in the southern Netherlands, and the Archduchess was a frequent visitor to the convents where aristocratic Englishwomen could fulfil a vocation denied them at home.
Opening in Brussels on September 17th, a major exhibition profiles the rule of the Archduke Albert of Austria and his wife the Infanta Isabella of Spain, daughter of Philip II.
Support from the Archdukes
was often necessary, and while Hovius could usually depend on their assistance, it sometimes came with qualifications.