archetypes


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

archetypes

see JUNG.

Archetypes (Archetypal Dream Images)

(dreams)

While the notion of archetypes is at least as old as Plato, it is most familiar to the modern world through the work of Carl Jung, the prominent Swiss psychotherapist. In contrast to his mentor Sigmund Freud, Jung divided the unconscious mind into two subdivisions, the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious (which he also referred to as the objective psyche). The personal unconscious is shaped by our personal experiences, whereas the collective unconscious represents our inheritance of the collective experience of humankind. This storehouse of humanity’s experiences exists in the form of archetypes (or prototypes).

The archetypes predispose us to subconsciously organize our personal experiences in certain ways. We are, for instance, predisposed to perceive someone in our early environment as a father because of the father archetype. If a person’s biological father is absent during childhood, someone else (e.g., an older brother) is assimilated into this archetype, providing concrete images for the father complex (the reflection of the father archetype in the personal unconscious).

Archetypes are not specific images or symbols. They are more like invisible magnetic fields that cause iron filings to arrange themselves according to certain patterns. For example, Jung postulated the existence of a self archetype, which constitutes the unconscious basis for our ego—our conscious self-image or self-concept. In dreams, this self is represented in a variety of ways, often in the form of a circle or mandala (a circular diagram used as an aid to meditation in Hinduism and Buddhism). The self can also be represented by surrogate symbols, such as four of almost anything (according to Jung, four is the number of wholeness and hence a symbol of the self), a pattern Jung referred to as a quaternity. These concrete manifestations of elusive archetypes are referred to as archetypal images or, when they appear in dreams, as archetypal dream images.

Jung asserted that much of world mythology and folklore represents manifestations of the collective unconscious. He based this assertion on his discovery that the dreams of his patients frequently contained images with which they were completely unfamiliar, but which seemed to reflect symbols that could be found somewhere in the mythological systems of world culture. Jung further found that if he could discover the specific meaning of such images in their native culture, he could better understand the dreams in which they occurred. The process of seeking such meanings is referred to as amplification.

References in periodicals archive ?
Critique: A complete and comprehensive course of essential oils instruction under one cover, "Essential Oils in Spiritual Practice: Working with the Chakras, Divine Archetypes, and the Five Great Elements" is a critically important study that will prove to be invaluable for both the novice and the seasoned professional wanting to utilize essential oils for the betterment of themselves and for others who could benefit from their application.
Sometimes he wrote about archetypes as abstract organizing structures [around which complexes are organized], sometimes as eternal realities, then again as core meanings; on other occasions, he adopted a very sophisticated ethological viewpoint, in which he identified archetypes as manifestations of instinct, a term which he used in a much more biologically accurate way than Freud, (as cited in Knox, 2004, p.
Systems archetypes III: understanding patterns of behaviour and delay
In the meantime, whet your appetite by scrolling through the archetype presentation previously mentioned.
41), and is thus composed by a set of images, symbols, myths, archetypes, and stereotypes (degradation of archetypes) and the connection of those elements to each other.
Amply referenced and with an extensive bibliography, Bower's arguments in favor of the aletis archetype are compelling, and her keen eye for what is really going on with women living in a patriarchal culture opens doors for them to see and understand both what has been holding them back and the quest they must undertake if they are to become the heroines of their own tales.
s flagship entity, ArchetypeMe, is an innovative website that redefines 'personal' search and personal brand, recommendations, and curation through the lens of archetypes.
The second half of the book deals with archetypes and relates them to the cyclical nature of the woman's journey--the journey as circle or spiral.
The students then visited a subset of the schools representing the various archetypes to conduct full energy audits.
Jung expresses his concept of an archetype in a variety of ways, which includes a comparison with Plato's pure forms (Archetypes 75).
I have often been asked where the archetypes or primordial images come from.
With its work complete, the 26-episode first season that introduces 16 of the 99 superheroes, and preparations on for producing the second season, Al Mutawa said that he hoped the books and the show, which use Islamic archetypes, would reposition Islam in right perspective.