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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of storing folder structures in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for ease of distribution. Although the compression algorithm may reduce all the files by a substantial amount, the size reduction is often less important than the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name rather than a group of files. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain on the same computer, "archive" implies data retention, and archived data are typically stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
References in periodicals archive ?
The basic tenets of archives are easier to comprehend when they are given some historical context, and chapter one puts the core principles of archival science squarely in the context of the French Revolution.
IDrive Safe offers three different plans, helping to personalize the archival experience.
the system supports both search the archives, as well as maintaining metadata to support internal processes, implementing archival records and store them as part of the care of archival materials, their availability and delivery of digital content, or other acts of archival care.
Having multiple versions of an item or a bitstream in DSpace is possible now, but it is complex, in part because there are multiple types of "versioning" that are appropriate for digital repositories: different versions in time (for example, new editions), different versions in format (for example, a Microsoft Word file and a PDF), and different versions in quality (for example, an archival master TIFF image and its associated thumbnail).
Adrian Cunningham explains in his article "Ensuring Essential Evidence: Changing Archival and Records Management Practices in the Electronic Recordkeeping Era" that "A key element of this [Australian] system was a rejection of the traditional North American division between the work of records managers (who work with current records) and archivists (who work with noncurrent or historical records).
Human papillomavirus in false negative archival cervical smears: implications for screening for cervical cancer.
In order to solve this dilemma, the popular economy magnetic disk arrays combined with user-selectable WORM functionality deliver a non-alterable storage solution that is ideal for archival and regulated data storage.
Again for back-up purposes, put a copy of these materials in the archival storage.
It is always difficult to integrate archival research with literary criticism, but this author does a far-above-average job with this complicated task.
The moderated panel discussions will also include showings of archival slides and videotape.
Haworth Press (Bingamton, NY) will begin the publication of three new journals in the first quarter of 2002, including Journal of Access Services, Journal of Archival Organization and Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation.
Among the most interesting archival sources on which Viola draws in chapters 4 and 5 is an OGPU (secret police) memorandum on "forms of class war in the countryside in 1930" which covers both "terrorist acts" committed by individuals (murder, assault, arson) and collective disturbances (protests, riots, armed uprisings).