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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of storing folder structures in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for ease of distribution. Although the compression algorithm may reduce all the files by a substantial amount, the size reduction is often less important than the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name rather than a group of files. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain on the same computer, "archive" implies data retention, and archived data are typically stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
References in periodicals archive ?
In effect this is no different from I&A retaining and maintaining the machines capable of playing archived film or vinyl records, but it would still represent something of a "first" for digital archiving and preservation.
New archive index handling provides for index validation and faster access to archived data.
One significant advantage of Active Archiving is that the archived data and tables remain accessible even if the original database model (the way that tables relate to one another) has changed.
This release also includes enhanced features for browsing archived data and additional options to provide information about the specific archive, delete, or restore actions to other applications.
To ensure just one copy of the e-mail message is archived, the e-mail archive server applies single-instance storage to archived files and attachments through a unique message signature.
For example, armed with knowledge of the demand for e-mail storage and the capacity you're working with, you may decide that large messages, and messages with large attachments, should be archived sooner.
With active archiving, users no longer need to restore all archived data for the sake of restoring a small subset of the data.
These capabilities keep archived data accessible and dramatically reduce database overload, allowing companies to reduce storage requirements, improve application response time and reallocate current capacity to support more users and transactions.
Compliance Manager: Compliance Manager reduces the legal risk associated with e-mail for organizations, and ensures the corporate information store of e-mails is indexed, archived and stored effectively.
Meanwhile, users maintain quick and easy access to the archived data through browsing, searching, and selectively restoring active reference data that retains its business context.
Customers' expectations are that since 80% of the data was archived, then the Exchange database will automatically become smaller and more efficient.
Such a system should be flexible and allow users to make and distribute copies of archived data.

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