# argument

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## argument

1. Logic
a. a process of deductive or inductive reasoning that purports to show its conclusion to be true
b. formally, a sequence of statements one of which is the conclusion and the remainder the premises
2. Logic an obsolete name for the middle term of a syllogism
3. Maths
a. an element to which an operation, function, predicate, etc., applies, esp the independent variable of a function
b. another name for amplitude (sense 5) of a complex number

## argument

[′är·gyə·mənt]
(astronomy)
An angle or arc, as in argument of perigee.
(computer science)
A value applied to a procedure, subroutine, or macroinstruction which is required in order to evaluate any of these.
(mathematics)

## argument

(programming)
(Or "arg") A value or reference passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command or program, by the caller. For example, in the function definition

square(x) = x * x

x is the formal argument or "parameter", and in the call

y = square(3+4)

3+4 is the actual argument. This will execute the function square with x having the value 7 and return the result 49.

There are many different conventions for passing arguments to functions and procedures including call-by-value, call-by-name, call-by-reference, call-by-need. These affect whether the value of the argument is computed by the caller or the callee (the function) and whether the callee can modify the value of the argument as seen by the caller (if it is a variable).

Arguments to functions are usually, following mathematical notation, written in parentheses after the function name, separated by commas (but see curried function). Arguments to a program are usually given after the command name, separated by spaces, e.g.:

cat myfile yourfile hisfile

Here "cat" is the command and "myfile", "yourfile", and "hisfile" are the arguments.

## argument

In programming, a value that is passed between programs, subroutines or functions. Arguments are independent items, or variables, that contain data or codes. When an argument is used to customize a program for a user, it is typically called a "parameter." See argc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first question is extremely important because the technology of the invention constitutes a set of facts supporting the argument.
The TODAY function requires no arguments, so you can simply type TODAY() as the Value argument.
Estrella Elamparo said after oral arguments last January 19 and 26, only Poe was able to present her arguments before the high court.
Other interpersonal argument scholars, including Dale Hample, Ioana Cionea, Amy Janan Johnson, and their students and colleagues, have recently also shifted their research programs to encompass the study of serial arguments.
The best oral argument is the one you deliver in the car on the way home.
That response, however, will not come from "religion" or "spiritual" sources, which Balaguer defines broadly as any argument employing a "nonphysical soul that's distinct from the body.
Also, Herring advises: "Before starting an argument think carefully about what it is you are arguing about and what it is you want.
To see why Massey thinks this, let us consider argument (2):
Nagasawa next critiques versions of the argument from concept posses sion against theism.
Aristotle introduced the formal study of argument, Farrell said.
The oral argument is an intense, personal matter between the advocate and the court.
The state charges \$500 per argument, which can be up to 325 words.

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