Aril

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Related to arillate: Arillus

aril

[′ar·əl]
(botany)
An outgrowth of the funiculus in certain seeds that either remains as an appendage or envelops the seed.

Aril

 

(also caruncle), an appendage of a seed. Arils, which are usually succulent and fleshy, attract birds and ants that distribute the seeds. Some types of arils are called arillodes and arilli.

References in periodicals archive ?
Anthers usually sagittate at base and with lignified guide rails; fruit fleshy, either a pair of dehiscent follicles with arillate seeds or an indehiscent beery Tabernaemontaneae 1.
Fruit with fleshy pericarp, either an indehiscent berry with the seeds usually embedded in pulp or a pair of dehiscent follicles with arillate seeds; seeds often with deep hilar groove on one side and longitudinal grooves on the other or testa wrinkled or pitted; endocarp not forming a stone; endosperm ruminate.
Fruit mostly indehiscent, with fleshy pen carp and endocarp usually forming a stone (pericarp dry in Condylocarpon and Chilocarpus dehiscent; fruit capsular, dry, and dehiscent in Plectaneja); seeds normally not compressed, usually elongate, globular, or ovoid, longitudinally rolled with deep hilar furrow and ruminate endosperm (compressed and with wing in Plectaneja, arillate in Chilocarpus).