Araceae

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Araceae

[ə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of herbaceous flowering plants in the order Arales; plants have stems, roots, and leaves, the inflorescence is a spadix, and the growth habit is terrestrial or sometimes more or less aquatic; well-known members include dumb cane (Dieffenbachia), jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema), and Philodendron.

Araceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants. They are grassy perennials, often with thickened rhizomes or tubers; also climbing shrubs or semishrubs; and occasionally dendroid forms or epiphytes. The flowers are bisexual or unisexual in the spadices, with a bright covering. There are about 110 genera and 2,000 species, mainly in tropical regions. There are seven genera and 14 species in the USSR. Many Araceae contain a milky sap that is often poisonous. Among the Araceae are the taro, alocasias, and the yautia (Xanthosoma), which are important food crops; and also the anthuriums, monsteras, philodendrons, Indian kale, and others, which are widespread hothouse and house plants. In the USSR the bog arum grows in swampy areas, and the cuckoo pint is found in shady forests. Some species of Araceae (for example, plants of the genus Acora) are used in medicine and in the manufacture of perfume.

REFERENCE

Kuzeneva, O. I. “Aroidnye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 3. Leningrad, 1935.
References in periodicals archive ?
The spadices of Jack-in-the-pulpits do not generate heat during flowering, unlike aroid species with a brief anthesis (5).
The calla lily's spathe is white, but aroid spathes can appear in other colors as well, depending on the plant.
Unfortunately, confusion results from the traditional practice in many treatments of aroid genera to term lateral veins as "lateral primaries" (cf.
The Ylang Ylang, from which the perfume Chanel No5 is made, will grow next to the Tropical Aroids, relatives of the skunk cabbage, which give off a smell of rotting flesh to attract flies.
Callas are rhizomatous aroids, closely related to the arum lily.
Special attention has been given to four groups: aroids, ferns, ornamental grasses, and hardy orchids.
Built in the shape of a Greek Cross, this lath-covered conservatory has a new gesneriad collection, neon-bright bromeliads, flowering orchids, and a broad year-round collection of aroids and ferns.
First discovered by Italian botanist Odoardo Beccari in Sumatra in 1878, the Titan Arum, or Amorphophallus titanum, is a member of the Family Araceae, the Aroids or Arum plants.
Bradbury J and V Sylvia Cyanide Content of the Leaves and Stems of Edible Aroids Phytochemical Analysis 1995; 6: 268-271.
There are many species palm trees, cycads, heliconias, aroids, bromeliads and other exotic plants.
An American author, Deni Bown has written a complete guide to the family called Aroids, Plants in the Arum Family (ISBN0-88192-485-7) that covers every aspect of these fascinating plants.
Along the way our guide began to introduce us to the plants and animals that we would soon become familiar with: palms, ferns, and buttress-rooted canopy giants; epiphytic aroids, orchids, and bromeliads; butterflies, spiders, and the ubiquitous leaf-cutter ants.