Arthrodesis


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arthrodesis

[är′thräd·ə·səs]
(medicine)
Fusion of a joint by removing the articular surfaces and securing bony union. Also known as operative ankylosis.

Arthrodesis

 

an operation that completely immobilizes a joint with the object of restoring an extremity’s supportive capability lost in certain diseases or injuries. Loss of supportive capacity may occur as a result of improperly knitted joint fractures, in tuberculosis, and in other acute and chronic joint inflammations. Arthrodesis consists in removing the cartilaginous surfaces (sometimes resecting the articular extremities of bones) and then fixing the joint surfaces in close contact until they knit. Knitting of the joint extremities may be accelerated by the compression method—compressing the joint ends with a special apparatus after removing the articular cartilage or after resecting the articular extremities of the bone.

V. N. GUR’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
An increase in the off-label use of rhBMP-2 supports the active desire of the orthopaedic spine community to find a safer alternative for achieving arthrodesis.
When shoulder arthrodesis fails, no other option remains for reconstruction of the shoulder function.
Comparison of arthrodesis and metallic hemiarthroplasty of the hallux metatarsophalangeal joint.
Current concepts on spinal arthrodesis in degenerative disorders of the lumbar spine.
Risk factors for the development of perioperative complications in elderly patients undergoing lumbar decompression and arthrodesis for spinal stenosis: An analysis of 166 patients.
Simple procedures such as arthrodesis and resection arthroplasty are safe and quick; however, they are destructive solutions, with patients having to lose complete elbow function.
Orthopedic surgeons have been performing many orthopedic procedures for hemophilia patients, such as fracture fixation, total joint arthroplasties, synovectomy, contracture release, and arthrodesis [1-3].
Persistent infections required additional surgery (knee arthrodesis or amputation).
Long-term studies are needed to elucidate the viability of this fixation when compared to screw fixation or arthrodesis, as well as potential complications unique to flexible fixation such as potential erosion of bone, fracture, or fixation cut-out, which may be significant issues in the female dancer with osteopenia.